What is Capture: Definition and 148 Discussions

Motion capture (sometimes referred as mo-cap or mocap, for short) is the process of recording the movement of objects or people. It is used in military, entertainment, sports, medical applications, and for validation of computer vision and robotics. In filmmaking and video game development, it refers to recording actions of human actors, and using that information to animate digital character models in 2D or 3D computer animation. When it includes face and fingers or captures subtle expressions, it is often referred to as performance capture. In many fields, motion capture is sometimes called motion tracking, but in filmmaking and games, motion tracking usually refers more to match moving.
In motion capture sessions, movements of one or more actors are sampled many times per second. Whereas early techniques used images from multiple cameras to calculate 3D positions, often the purpose of motion capture is to record only the movements of the actor, not their visual appearance. This animation data is mapped to a 3D model so that the model performs the same actions as the actor. This process may be contrasted with the older technique of rotoscoping.
Camera movements can also be motion captured so that a virtual camera in the scene will pan, tilt or dolly around the stage driven by a camera operator while the actor is performing. At the same time, the motion capture system can capture the camera and props as well as the actor's performance. This allows the computer-generated characters, images and sets to have the same perspective as the video images from the camera. A computer processes the data and displays the movements of the actor, providing the desired camera positions in terms of objects in the set. Retroactively obtaining camera movement data from the captured footage is known as match moving or camera tracking.

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  1. B

    A Electron capture in a molecule

    Hello! If I have a (diatomic for simplicity) molecule containing a nucleus that decays by electron capture, are there any theoretical calculations of how that would behave in practice? For example would the lifetime change? Would the resulting molecule still be bound? For example if I start with...
  2. S

    I Does antineutrino capture preferentially form neutrons?

    Besides the energetic preference (lower threshold, and more phase space above)? Antineutrino capture is a weak process, so it can and does change quark flavour. p+ν=n+e+ is actually uud+ν=udd+e+ that is u+ν=d+e+ But given enough energy (like cosmic ray neutrinos), do antineutrinos also get...
  3. Grinkle

    Schematic capture / wiring diagram software

    It has been many years since I was an Orcad expert - way back in the DOS epoch. Once my job functions changed from design to other-than-design, I stopped using such software. I now have a need to do some design and some architectural level hook-up planning and I'm looking for free software to...
  4. Anonymous324

    I Electron mass conversion during electron capture

    In electron capture, a proton turns into a neutron and a neutrino is emitted. Is (without counting the mass difference between neutron and proton and the mass of the neutrino) the mass of the electron converted into energy in the form of gamma radiation?
  5. S

    I Does K-40 Capture Electrons With Orbital Angular Momentum?

    K-40 often captures electrons. This is why Earth atmosphere is full of Ar-40. Where does K-40 capture electrons from? The problem is that K-40 has spin 4. Ar-40 has spin 0. How are the 4 spin units handled? The spins of the electron and neutrino combine to at most 1. This leaves 3 spin units to...
  6. C

    Chemical/Paint Algae Carbon Capture: Make Your Own Algae Tank & Absorb CO2

    I'm just devastated by the news of climate change as of late, and I knew it was worrying but I've never been more worried about it in my life than I am right now. Have we truly passed the point of no return? Are we all doomed? Or do we still have time? Is algae carbon capture the way out? And...
  7. J

    Orbital mechanics: is ballistic capture possible without acceleration?

    All spacecraft that have been put into orbit around other planets have required engines to decelerate them and inject them into their orbits. So-called "ballistic capture", from what I've read, always seems to call for at least a minimum application of force to change the trajectory; I get...
  8. T

    B Pair Instability Supernovae & Electron Capture Supernovae

    Hi! I've been browsing the internet for information about supernovae and I came across this chart describing 4 types of core collapse causes (the chart may have copied weirdly because not all the information fits into this text box): Cause of collapse Progenitor star approximate initial mass...
  9. mark!

    Giant viruses: gene capture or redundancy?

    Is it more probable that giruses (giant viruses) acquired their cellular apparatus from another cell, or that they once were a functioning cell, but degraded over time, parasitizing other cells? In the course of evolution viruses emerged many times. Viruses evolved on multiple, independent...
  10. I

    B What happens during electron capture physically?

    I wonder if someone could explain what is known about electron capture in which a proton captures an electron which then becomes a neutron? I have read that a proton which has two up quarks and a single down quark will have the the creation and destruction of multiple quark - antiquark pairs...
  11. S

    I Inelastic vs. neutron capture

    For neutron inelastic interaction, the nucleus de-excites by emitting gamma-rays or charged particles. However, for neutron capture, the nucleus de-excites by emitting gamma-rays only. Why does the nucleus in the neutron capture interaction de-excite by only emitting gamma-rays? why not by...
  12. S

    What are the rate equations for neutron capture on unstable nuclei B?

    Summary: Problem: nuclear physics, neutron capture In the problem one should calculate time dependence of number of nuclei. Problem statement: Neutron beam radiates sample A with initial number of atoms N0. With neutron capture nuclei (cores) of A are transitioning to nuclei B (they are just...
  13. W

    Capture and re-use the heat generated from Air Compression

    I am trying to fill pipes with a volume of 556 cuft to 15,000 psi. I want to capture and re-use the heat generated from the compression process and re-use it. Is this amount of compression and heat exchanging possible with current technology
  14. hagopbul

    A Can multiple layers of thin films increase infrared light absorption?

    hello : i have a small question , can we use multi layer thin films to increase absorption of infrared spectrum , on certain surface , ? taking in mind that we use the same kind of thin film for each layer . is that possible ? best hagop
  15. dRic2

    Neutron capture and fission reaction

    Hi, I've been wondering about this a lot and I didn't find a satisfactory answer by myself. My professor said that in order to promote a fission reaction you need to provide a certain amount of energy (like in a chemical reaction you need to overcome the activation energy) and the easiest way...
  16. Fervent Freyja

    Does a home modem capture Facebook messages

    Does a home modem capture facebook messages from a cell phone if Wi-Fi is set as the data usage preference? If so, how to find it in my log? Is there a log on my modem for all the devices that have been in my home, attempting to connect to my Wi-Fi?
  17. O

    I U-235 thermal neutron capture gamma ray

    Hi, When U-235 captures a neutron, it may end up with a fission reaction or an excited U-236 isotope. This U-236 emits gamma rays as it goes to its ground state. What I want to learn is that how much is the contribution of these gamma rays' energy to overall fission energy. I checked the...
  18. DaveC426913

    B Capture in a 2-body system (not)

    I'm having a ... "discussion" on another forum about capture and ejection of bodies. My opponents believe that, for one example, the sun can capture an object that has entered the SS from outside its g-well (i.e. on a hyperbolic trajectory) - without requiring a third body to steal its energy...
  19. O

    I Electron capture and electron transitions.

    When a nucleus captures an electron from the innermost orbit, its proton number reduces one. Therefore, energy levels in the atom have to change accordingly, meaning all the electrons have to move lower energy levels. From this point of view, during an electron capture, can it be said that the...
  20. S

    I What neutron energy regime is dominant with neutron capture?

    When a target is irradiated with neutrons there a number of different nuclear reactions that can occur. In neutron capture, which neutron energy regime is most dominant? I can't seem to find any specific literature about neutron capture and neutron energy, but most of the general stuff I've read...
  21. L

    Applications of man-made "hybrid fibers" like capture silk?

    I have read this paper "http://www.pnas.org/content/113/22/6143.full" and while I found it intersting, there isn't much discussion on the future applications of the new developments (unless I zoned out and passed over it, always a possibility). Just wondering if anyone had any thoughts as to...
  22. M

    Can Adding Alternators to Car Wheels Save Energy?

    I have a friend that wants to put several alternators on a car. However, he wants to gather the power from the wheels rather than the engine in order to "capture lost energy" and "save" fuel by running the AC and other electrical components off these alternators. I've already explained that...
  23. Y

    A Capture by Gravitational Radiation in 2-Body System?

    Is it possible for enough energy to be dissipated in the form of gravitational radiation in a two-body system to allow for capture? From what I remember, you would need extremely massive bodies passing extremely close to each other: I'd like to know how massive and how close. It has been a few...
  24. H

    B Aerogel comet particle capture experiment?

    some years ago it was big news when some aerogel bulk launched at the tail of a comet and bits of the comet dust got stuck in the gel. this was going to be recovered somehow and analysed. I do not know any more about that particular experiment but it died out of the mainstream news. anyone...
  25. zwanderer

    Electrostatic precipitators to capture diesel pollution?

    I would like to understand if someone has tried/or atleast if its feasible to make a Electrostatic precipitators that captures automotive pollution from sources like this? Does the physics allow to do that?
  26. M

    OrCad Capture CIS -- Unconnected pin, no FLOAT property or FLOAT = e

    Hello everyone! I am new in OrCad Capture Cis and apparently lack in fundamental knowledge. I have created this circuit so far but it appears that something (or everything) is wrong. The error is "Unconnected pin, no FLOAT property or FLOAT = e" in several parts of the circuit. Your answers will...
  27. I

    Beta decay, electron capture Q value

    Homework Statement Find the ##Q## value for electron capture of ##^{196}Au##. Homework Equations ##Q_\epsilon = [m(^AX)-m(^AX')]c^2-B_n## The Attempt at a Solution How do I know if I have an ##K##- or ##L##-shell for the electron? Assuming I have an ##K## shell taking ##B_n = \; ^{196m1}Au##...
  28. kiwaho

    I Can electron beam accelerate electron capture beta decay?

    Some nuclides undergo decay of electron capture or beta plus. Can electron beam with appropriate energy accelerate electron capture beta decay? Same scenario: If I am looking for something, and my friend kindly hands it over to me, then I say thanks, because my seeking time is shorten.
  29. J

    Astronomy time required to capture exposures problem

    Homework Statement If you have a large telescope that has a 5 meter diameter with a field of view of 1 foot by 1 foot, and a small telescope with a diameter of 1 meter with a field of view of 1 degree by 1 degree, and your trying to take images of 30 quasars that has a limiting visual magnitude...
  30. D

    Electron Capture: Explaining Too Many Neutrons

    Homework Statement My book is saying that if a nucleus has too many neutrons beta minus decay or electron capture is going to happen. The nucleus wants to get rid of a neutron so it is going to send out one electron and an antineutrino that originally comes from the neutron. But what I don't...
  31. Garlic

    Electron capture in fully ionised nuclei

    Hello everyone, What happens if an isotope that normally decays through EC has no electrons at all? For example how does 7Be4+ decay?
  32. N

    Secondary effect of Electron capture and Internal conversion

    During Internal conversion, the nucleus transfer some energy to an electron in K-shell cause the electron eject out of the atom. After which there left a hole in K-shell then either by releases auger electron or characteristic X-ray the atom de-excited itself. During Electron capture, a proton...
  33. N

    Electron Capture by alpha particle -- Frequency of photon?

    Homework Statement Electron with KE = 50eV is captured by Alpha particle, ie. HE++. Calculate the frequency of the emitted photon. Homework Equations KE = m/2 v^2; E=hf, En = Z^2*-13.6eV/n^2 The Attempt at a Solution Energy before = Energy after 50eV = 4*-13.6eV/1 + hf f = 1200nm
  34. N

    (Check solution) Frequency of light after electron capture?

    Homework Statement An alpha particle: He++ captures an electron of a given kinetic energy. To conserve energy, it emits light, hf. How would one calculate the frequency? Homework Equations E=hf En = (Z^2 *-13.6eV)/(n^2) The Attempt at a Solution Calculate En. Then KE = Photon + En. Solve for...
  35. ernd59

    Problem with Pspice simulation

    Hi, I have a strange problem with Pspice, it always shows after successful attempts, the simulation program stops working and all voltages markers turns to gray and can't see any results any more
  36. Garlic

    Muon and Electron Capture: Exploring the Differences

    I have read that an ordinary muon capture happen with this equation below: μ + p -> n + vμ It looks the same as the electron capture e + p -> n + ve I don't understand why there isn't any additional energy in the system, although a muon has a greater mass. Also, why isn't there an additional...
  37. W

    CCS Carbon Dioxide Storage Capture

    Hi, What is in general the most cost-effective way of the CCS technologies: Post,pre or oxyfuel combustion?
  38. karakele

    Concerns about double beta decay plus/double electron capture

    Hello fellas! Ok, so we have the isotope Nickel-58 which can decay (still theoritically) to Iron-58 through double beta decay plus (bb+), my question is... imagine this decay is actually demonstrated (just figure it), so the transmutation into the iron isotope actually works... would the ejected...
  39. P

    Electron capture and heavy nuclei

    Hi, is it true that the heavy atoms decaying only by electron capture should have globally a half-life shorter than ligher nuclei (decaying also only by electron capture)? This assumption comes from the fact heavy atoms have inner electron "closer" to their nucleus than the lighter ones and so a...
  40. S

    Q-Value Electron Capture Kr-81

    Homework Statement Calculate the Q-value for the electron capture beta decay of Kr-81 (Answer in MeV, correct to 6 significant figures) Atomic Masses (amu) Kr-81 = 80.916592(3) Br-81 = 80.916291(3) proton 1.00727647 neutron 1.00866501 electron 0.0005485803...
  41. David Carroll

    Electron Capture and Coulomb's Law

    Sorry for the brevity of the post, but eloquence has never been my strong point. Here's my question: In a proton-surfeited atom, a proton captures an electron to form a neutron. Now, according to Coulomb's law, the magnitude of the electrostatic force field is equal to (kq1q2)/d2, where k is...
  42. R

    Electron Capture - X-ray or gamma-ray?

    I may be being a bit pedantic but when an electron "falls" (or is captured by) into the nucleus, does the outer shell electron that fills its place result in an x-ray or a gamma-ray being emitted? Or would it depend on the energy transition? Thanks for any ideas.
  43. R

    Beta+ decay or electron capture?

    Homework Statement Homework Equations See below. The Attempt at a Solution We have β+ decay ##X_{Z}^{A} \rightarrow Y_{Z-1}^{A}+ e^{+}+\upsilon _{e}## which leads to the mass condition ##M(A,Z)>m(A,Z-1)+2m_{e}##. We have electron capture ##X_{Z}^{A} + e^{-}\rightarrow Y_{Z-1}^{A}+ \upsilon...
  44. T

    In depth Mars flight trajectory studies

    Can anyone point me in the direction of any published scientific work involving the study of Earth to Mars flight trajectories? I am thinking of researching this topic for a project and I would like to know about the work that has already been done.
  45. N

    Energy Release of Electron Capture to Ground State

    Hello All, I am pretty sure that when a nucleus decays via e.c. and goes to the ground state all of the excess energy is released with the emission of the neutrino but was wondering if anyone could confirm/give a reference for this. Thanks!
  46. M

    Minimum time window needed to capture frequencies

    I'm pretty sure there have to be some theorems out there, but I am probably not putting in the right search terms to be able to find them. Here's the problem: I have a signal uniquely composed of a finite summation of standing wave sinusoids (well there's some DC and other background, but let's...
  47. T

    Neutron Capture in Hydrogen Fusion Reactor

    A recent issue of Aviation Week described a novel design for a fusion reactor from the Lockheed Skunk Works. It was smaller, simpler and lighter than the extant systems now being built and they're optimistic about it's test run in five years. I wrote a letter to the editor touting this departure...
  48. J

    How can lithium be used for cold fusion through thermal neutron activation?

    I would like to ask if any of you can comment on the thermal neutron activation of lithium in order to produce energy as a cold fusion-like process?
  49. G

    Measuring energy capture of river turbine

    I understand that work done if we have (510,000 Kg or 5,000,000 N) of water falling 30 meters (like in a dam) would just be 5,000,000N * 30m= 150,000,000 Newton meters. But how would one measure the work captured by a turbine for a river that say travels 50km/h. I guess assuming the same mass...
  50. R

    How do phase values are able to capture motion from video?

    hi everyone,i know that the phase spectrum contains most of the structural information about the image.But i want to know more about importance of phase spectrum related to video signals. I have read that temporal variations of phase values are able to capture most of the dynamical...