The external globus pallidus (GPe or lateral globus pallidus) combines with the internal globus pallidus (GPi) to form the globus pallidus, an anatomical subset of the basal ganglia. Globus pallidus means "pale globe" in Latin, indicating its appearance. The external globus pallidus is the segment of the globus pallidus that is relatively further (lateral) from the midline of the brain.
The GPe GABAergic neurons, allow for its inhibitory function and projects axons to the subthalamic nucleus (in the diencephalon), the striatum, internal globus pallidus (GPi) and substantia nigra pars reticulata.The GPe is particular in comparison to the other elements of the set by the fact that it does not work as an output base of the basal ganglia (not sending axons to the thalamus) but as the main regulator of the basal ganglia system. It is sometimes used as a target for deep brain stimulation as a treatment for Parkinson's disease.
For the horizontal case of SHM, we only need to consider KE and EPE. But should we also take GPE into consideration when we are dealing with a vertical case?
Homework Statement
Please look at the problem attached as a screenshot.
Homework Equations
Assuming frictionless, Ei = Ef, which means objects that are the same will end up in the same heights (so we can group A&C, B&D, and E&F).
For A&C and E&F, mgh = KE_rot + KE_trans
For B&D, it is mgh...
Homework Statement
Please see the attached file.
Homework Equations
Ei = Ef
The Attempt at a Solution
I don't have an answer key provided, but I'd really like to verify that I'm right (or if I'm wrong, why). I think ti'd be (c) because assuming that due to inertia, B will continue going...
Homework Statement
I came across the question above - and one of my peers told me that the equation E = 100(1-coskt) + a in the question is actually inaccurate in that it does not represent the motion of the pirate ship ride properly, because the equation isn't simple harmonic - the negative...
Homework Statement
How to determine GPE between moon and earth?
Homework Equations
mgh
The Attempt at a Solution
I know that gpe near Earth's surface is mgh, but at larger distances is there a specific way to calculate?
When using the work-energy theorem (Wnet=ΔE), when do you take gravitational potential energy into account? Change in energy implies all types of energy involved, but in what cases would PEg be a part of it?
1. With an elevation of 5334 m above sea level, the village of Aucanquilca, Chile, is the highest inhabited town in the world.
What would be the gravitational potential energy associated with a 64.0 kg person in Aucanquilca? Assume that the free-fall acceleration at Aucanquilca is equal to that...
Is it necessary to be the kinetic energy greater than gpe to move ( I don't talk about in orbits)
Example :
Is it will be harder to move an object has a bigger gpe ( same mass but bigger hight from ground).
And thanks.
Hello! I'm trying to simulate a one dimensional time independent BEC, I hope this is the right place to ask for help.
First of all, here's my code in Python.
import sys
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
if len(sys.argv) == 1:
niter = 100
elif len(sys.argv) == 2:
niter...
Homework Statement
A box of mass 6.2 kg slides 4.8 m down a ramp that is inclined 38 degrees to the horizontal. What is the velocity of the box right before it hits the ground?
Mass=6.2 Height=dsintheta? V=is what needs to be found theta=38
Homework Equations
GPE=mgh=mgdsin(theta)
KE=1/2mv^2...
Homework Statement
Explain why the velocity at time of impact was much higher than the average velocity
Explain why the actual gravitational potential energy will in reality be much higher than this
Explain why increasing the time of impact would mean the rocket was less likely to get...
Consider a spherical raindrop that falls at a constant velocity and whose radius ##r## is proportional to the distance ##h## fallen, i.e., ##r=kh##. Find the loss of gravitational potential energy (GPE) after it has fallen a distance ##h##.
The given answer is ##mg\frac{h}{4}## but my answer is...
Homework Statement
Consider a homogeneous thin ring of mass 2.5 x 1022 kg and outer radius 3.9 x 108 m (the figure). (a) What gravitational attraction does it exert on a particle of mass 69 kg located on the ring's central axis a distance 3.7 x 108 m from the ring center? (b) Suppose that...
I am doing a lab in my senior physics class (IB HL Physics 3-4) and I am very confused about a relationship that I found. For my experiment I dropped a racquetball from different heights and then used video analysis to find the height of the ball on its final bounce. I used this data to...
Homework Statement
Two neutron stars are separated by a distance of 4.80 E 10 m. They each have a mass of 3.60 E 30 kg and a radius of 1.30 E 5 m. If they are initially at rest...
How fast is each star moving when their separation has decreased to half its initial value?
How fast is each star...
In my formula sheet I have written down that
deltaPEg = (PEg final - PEg initial)
but then I have written down that
-(deltaPEg) = (PEg final - PEg initial)
which one is right?
Oh and another question, when do I use the formula
deltaK + deltaPE = 0?
Gravitational potential energy is equal to negative work. But in the case of lifting an object upwards, the work done on the object would be 0. The work on the object by the lifter would equal the work on the object by gravity. Then, how does the object get GPE?
Homework Statement
1) What is the GPE of a 2 kg block 5 meters above the floor?
2) Joe throws a 4 kg stone straight up and it reaches a height of 5 meters. What is its GPE at its highest point?
3) How high do you have to lift a 1 kg ball to give it 49 J of GPE?[/B]
4) What is the KE of a 4kg...
I’m trying to get my head around the concepts of GPE and KE.
Imagine I kick a ball vertically. What information do I need to determine the velocity of the ball as it leaves my foot, the KE and the GPE at the time the ball is released?
If i wanted to increase the gravitational potential energy of a ball do I always have to apply a force times a distance? In this case the force would be the weight of the ball and the distance would be the height.
What if I kicked the ball upwards? I wouldn't be applying a force times a distance...
Why is infinite kept as a lower limit in the derivation of gravitational potential energy? Shouldn't the lower limit be smaller than the upper limit?
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/gpot.html
This is not a homework question.
Whilst looking over at previous exam papers on classical physics, I came across this question in the attachment. I always assumed gravitational potential energy increased as you moved further away from a mass. But the expected answer to this question shows the...
Hello,
I am currently reading about the conception of a general expression for gravitational potential energy. I understand that we have to use methods of calculus to generate a general expression of gravitational potential energy, because when considering alterations to the configuration of an...
This is probably child's play for you guys but can you show me how to figure the gpe of a 500lb weight lifted straight up 40'? In joules?
I assume the work done is equal to the gpe?
Thank guys
Okay, first of all, sorry for not posting here, I unknowingly posted this q in the wrong section and got an infraction. Sorry againHomework Statement
Question : Calculate the change in gravitational potential energy of the moon, when the radius of it's orbit increases by 4cm.
Radius ...
A strange thought has occurred to me this morning. Each piece of matter has a huge amount of gravitational potential energy stored in the universe. My thought is that during nuclear reactions the large amounts of energy that are released would be tiny compared to the loss of gravitational...
Homework Statement
Two unequal masses are connected by a light cord passing over a smooth pulley. State the gravitational potential energy \DeltaU(> or < or = 0) and the kinetic energy \DeltaK(> or < or = 0) of the system after the masses are released from rest?
Homework Equations...
This has been bothering me, since I just realized I've never really thought about it. What's the correct sign of gravity? Of course, it's supposed to be negative, since it points down, but in GPE (mgh) it seems to be positive. GPE is positive above the zero level, and so g must be positive as...
Homework Statement
A 2.7 kg bundle starts up a 27° incline with 106 J of kinetic energy. How far will it slide up the incline if the coefficient of kinetic friction between bundle and incline is 0.42?
Homework Equations
K= 1/2mv^2
conservation of energy => Ki + Ui = Kf+Uf
The...
Car has a mass of 1000 kg its at a the top of a 10 degree hill. so if you were to draw a triangle the the base of the triangle would be 50 M in length as well.
a)what is it gravitational potential energy relative to the bottom of the hill?
Height = 50 * Tan 10
= 8.816
Potential...
Homework Statement
i) Show that when a satellite (or planet) is in a circular orbit it's kinetic energy (positive) is one-half of it's potential energy (negative).
ii) Show that in order to escape from the Earth you need a speed v=sqrt(2gR) where g=9.8 m/s^2. Neglect Friction and effects of...
Ok now my problem is this- Ignoring resistances (I'm factoring these in later), if a ball rolls down a ramp the initial GPE energy goes to KE.
So the equation would be mgh=(1/2)mv*2 so mass cancels out leaving gh=(1/2)v*2
multiply by two gives 2gh=v*2.
So I have plotted a graph of change...
Hi,
I'm not quite getting this.
Say we lift a block of weight 10N through a vertical height of 1 metre. So the work done is 10 x 1 = 10J. This 10J equals the g.p.e. Of the block.
Now we pull the block up the same height of 1 metre but along a smooth, straight ramp (no friction between...
[b]1.
These are calculations for a roller coaster project where we had to find the height, GPE, velocity, KE, and total ME.
Question 1: what percentage of the total beginning GPE was converted to final kinetic energy?
Question 2: What percentage of the total beginning GPE was converted to...
I teach 9th grade physical science, and we were doing an activity last week investigating whether GPE before an object falls = KE at the point the object hits the ground. This was a pretty crude activity involving dropping things out the window and timing with stop watches, so when the data...
Homework Statement
A rock climber of mass 92.1 kg starts at the base of a cliff and climbs to the top (h = 33.8 m). He then walks along the plateau at the top for a distance of L = 289.9 m.
(a) Find the work done by gravity.
(b) What is the change in the gravitational potential energy...
Different ways to calculate force, GPE...
Homework Statement
Different ways to calculate force,mass,Gravational Potienal Energy,seperation distance
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
Not sure how to find new ways to calculare these other than the already known formulas...
Homework Statement
After falling 5m a rock has a velocity of v. What is the total distance the rock must fall to get a speed of 2v?
Homework Equations
GPE=mgh
Ke=1/2mv^2
The Attempt at a Solution
Should I set both equations equal to each other? I'm not even sure how to begin this one.
Hey guys I am preparing for a physics contest and I am stuck with on a few questions. they are step by step questions. If someone can clearly explain how how to solve the following questions it would greatly help. Thank you.
Classically if you lift up a body, say a brick, you are doing work against the gravitational force, this work is then 'stored' as Gravitational Potential Energy and released when the body is dropped.
Energy is conserved so GPE (and other forms of PE) + KE = Constant.
In GR the problem is...
Homework Statement
In Fig. 8-33, a small block of mass m = 0.040 kg can slide along the frictionless loop-the-loop, with loop radius R = 14 cm. The block is released from rest at point P, at height h = 9R above the bottom of the loop. How much work does the gravitational force do on the block...
Negative GPE?
hmm...i came across this qn which ask whether a satellite which has twice the mass of the other will have a higher gravitational potnetial energy...so the formula for GPE will be -GMm/r right? i deduce that since the mass of satellite i greater it will posses greater GPE but i was...
Can anyone help me with this problem?
A 1.70 kg ball is attached to a ceiling by a 1.15 m long string. The height of the room is 3.00 m. What is the gravitational potential energy of the ball relative to the ceiling and floor?
I'm having trouble finding the displacement. I know that its...
Hey just gettin a bit stuck on this question...i'll attempt to answer it, but it really doesn't look right to me.
A cable car is used to carry people up a mountain. The mass of the car is 2000kg and it carries 80 people, of average mass 60kg. The vertical height traveled is 900m and the...
GPE and KE...please help! argh
Hi I am just finishing my AS physics coursework and just as i thought i understood it someone tells me something else. When you pick up an object i understand that it gains GPE and the amount of this depends on the height it is picked up to, hence GPE = mgh. But...