# What is Kinetic frictional force: Definition and 13 Discussions

Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other. There are several types of friction:

Dry friction is a force that opposes the relative lateral motion of two solid surfaces in contact. Dry friction is subdivided into static friction ("stiction") between non-moving surfaces, and kinetic friction between moving surfaces. With the exception of atomic or molecular friction, dry friction generally arises from the interaction of surface features, known as asperities (see Figure 1).
Fluid friction describes the friction between layers of a viscous fluid that are moving relative to each other.Lubricated friction is a case of fluid friction where a lubricant fluid separates two solid surfaces.Skin friction is a component of drag, the force resisting the motion of a fluid across the surface of a body.
Internal friction is the force resisting motion between the elements making up a solid material while it undergoes deformation.When surfaces in contact move relative to each other, the friction between the two surfaces converts kinetic energy into thermal energy (that is, it converts work to heat). This property can have dramatic consequences, as illustrated by the use of friction created by rubbing pieces of wood together to start a fire. Kinetic energy is converted to thermal energy whenever motion with friction occurs, for example when a viscous fluid is stirred. Another important consequence of many types of friction can be wear, which may lead to performance degradation or damage to components. Friction is a component of the science of tribology.
Friction is desirable and important in supplying traction to facilitate motion on land. Most land vehicles rely on friction for acceleration, deceleration and changing direction. Sudden reductions in traction can cause loss of control and accidents.
Friction is not itself a fundamental force. Dry friction arises from a combination of inter-surface adhesion, surface roughness, surface deformation, and surface contamination. The complexity of these interactions makes the calculation of friction from first principles impractical and necessitates the use of empirical methods for analysis and the development of theory.
Friction is a non-conservative force – work done against friction is path dependent. In the presence of friction, some kinetic energy is always transformed to thermal energy, so mechanical energy is not conserved.

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1. ### Kinetic friction coefficient of aluminum on lubricated cast iron

Hey all, I was recently searching for kinetic friction coefficients, and I noticed that for a reason which is unknown to me, some materials had not been appointed such coefficient. The specific kinetic friction coefficient that I'm looking for is aluminum on greasy/lubricated cast iron. Any type...
2. ### How to find the coefficient of kinetic friction

Homework Statement The speed of a 4.0-N hockey puck, sliding across a level ice surface, decreases at the rate of 0.61 m/s2. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the puck and ice is: A) 0.062 B) 0.25 C) 0.41 D) 0.62 E) 1.2 Homework Equations I'm not too sure but i know that : If the...
3. ### How does kinetic friction occur between two moving bodies?

Could anybody explain what happens at the molecular level when one of the two bodies in a contact starts moving w.r.t other, i mean in this process what causes kinetics friction force, i tried myself to think of it but i could not come up with any, so please help me.
4. ### How to use the coefficient of kinetic friction?

Homework Statement A child is playing with their Hot Wheel cars. They have set up a track which is initially horizontal but then ascends to a second horizontal section which is 50 cm higher than the initial track. The track is friction-less until the car reaches the upper section of the track...
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### Calculate the Kinetic Frictional Force

The alarm at a fire station rings and a 71.3-kg fireman, starting from rest, slides down a pole to the floor below (a distance of 3.63 m). Just before landing, his speed is 1.42 m/s. What is the magnitude of the kinetic frictional force exerted on the fireman as he slides down the pole? Givens...
6. ### What is the Optimal Angle for Minimizing Work in Kinetic Friction?

Homework Statement Using the relation ## tan \theta = \mu_k ## what angle should the rope make with the horizontal in order to minimize the work done per unit distance traveled along the ground. Homework Equations ## W = Fdcos\phi ## The Attempt at a Solution I found...
7. ### Calculate the work done by the kinetic frictional force

Homework Statement I have a few questions I need help with on my assignment. I cannot wrap my head around this work and energy chapter. Anyway here it is; A 62.7-kg skier coasts up a snow-covered hill that makes an angle of 25.2° with the horizontal. The initial speed of the skier is...
8. ### How Is Kinetic Friction Calculated in Skier's Uphill Motion?

Homework Statement A 64.9-kg skier coasts up a snow-covered hill that makes an angle of 23.4 ° with the horizontal. The initial speed of the skier is 8.95 m/s. After coasting a distance of 2.31 m up the slope, the speed of the skier is 4.40 m/s. (a) Find the work done by the kinetic frictional...
9. ### Magnitude of Kinetic Frictional Force on Fireman Sliding Down Pole

The alarm at a fire station rings and a 96.0-kg fireman, starting from rest, slides down a pole to the floor below (a distance of 3.55 m). Just before landing, his speed is 1.79 m/s. What is the magnitude of the kinetic frictional force exerted on the fireman as he slides down the pole...
10. ### Work done by kinetic frictional force

Homework Statement Answer Chapter 6, Problem 73 Cutnell & Johnson 7th edition A 356 N force is pulling an 90.2-kg refrigerator across a horizontal surface. The force acts at an angle of 25.6 ° above the surface. The coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.258, and the refrigerator moves...
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### Kinetic frictional force question

Hi there, I'm doing a problem in my book ("Check your understanding" 4.3 in Cutnell/Johnson, 7th ed.). The book says the answer is x=43 degrees, but I don't know how to find it exactly. Given that it's an in-chapter problem, I'm guessing there's something wrong with my brain, but I'd...
12. ### Another Question: Find the work done by the kinetic frictional force

A 300N force is pulling an 90.0 kg refrigerator across a horizontal surface. The force acts at an angle of 22.0° above the surface. The coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.200, and the refrigerator moves a distance of 6.00 m. i found out the work done by pulling force is 1669 J and its...
13. ### Static vs. kinetic frictional force

Why is the kinetic frictional force always less than the static? One other question, when a car moves along a curved road, the direction of the static frictional force is toward the center. But we were told, since the elemantary school, that the frictional force is always at the opposite...