What is Rolling friction: Definition and 59 Discussions

Rolling resistance, sometimes called rolling friction or rolling drag, is the force resisting the motion when a body (such as a ball, tire, or wheel) rolls on a surface. It is mainly caused by non-elastic effects; that is, not all the energy needed for deformation (or movement) of the wheel, roadbed, etc., is recovered when the pressure is removed. Two forms of this are hysteresis losses (see below), and permanent (plastic) deformation of the object or the surface (e.g. soil). Note that the slippage between the wheel and the surface also results in energy dissipation. Although some researchers have included this term in rolling resistance, some suggest that this dissipation term should be treated separately from rolling resistance because it is due to the applied torque to the wheel and the resultant slip between the wheel and ground, which is called slip loss or slip resistance. In addition, only the so-called slip resistance involves friction, therefore the name "rolling friction" is to an extent a misnomer.
In analogy with sliding friction, rolling resistance is often expressed as a coefficient times the normal force. This coefficient of rolling resistance is generally much smaller than the coefficient of sliding friction.Any coasting wheeled vehicle will gradually slow down due to rolling resistance including that of the bearings, but a train car with steel wheels running on steel rails will roll farther than a bus of the same mass with rubber tires running on tarmac. Factors that contribute to rolling resistance are the (amount of) deformation of the wheels, the deformation of the roadbed surface, and movement below the surface. Additional contributing factors include wheel diameter, load on wheel, surface adhesion, sliding, and relative micro-sliding between the surfaces of contact. The losses due to hysteresis also depend strongly on the material properties of the wheel or tire and the surface. For example, a rubber tire will have higher rolling resistance on a paved road than a steel railroad wheel on a steel rail. Also, sand on the ground will give more rolling resistance than concrete. Sole rolling resistance factor is not dependent on speed.

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  1. tbn032

    B Trouble understanding what rolling friction is

    In pure rolling the of the sphere contact points of the sphere are at zero velocity,how is friction opposite to the motion of sphere being applied to these points?how the frictional force f is bieng applied to the sphere?
  2. Einstein44

    I Coefficient of rolling friction for a lab cart

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  3. F

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  4. F

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  5. T

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  6. e2m2a

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  7. P

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  8. Kaneki123

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  9. cheapstrike

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  10. H

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  11. H

    Why is there no virtual work done by a rolling friction?

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  12. Tin

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  13. T

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  14. P

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  15. Alettix

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  16. R

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  17. L

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  18. avito009

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  19. N

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    Homework Statement Two bicycle tires are set rolling with the same initial speed of 3.30m/s along a long, straight road, and the distance each travels before its speed is reduced by half is measured. One tire is inflated to a pressure of 40 psi and goes a distance of 17.3m ; the other is at 105...
  20. e2m2a

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  21. G

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  22. A

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  23. F

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  24. H

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  25. P

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  26. M

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  27. M

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  28. Telemachus

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  29. A

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  30. H

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  31. R

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  32. R

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  33. R

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  34. K

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  35. L

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  36. L

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  37. S

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  38. M

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  39. D

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  40. T

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    Homework Statement Two bicycle tires are set rolling with the same initial speed of 3.60 m/s along a long, straight road, and the distance each travels before its speed is reduced by half is measured. One tire is inflated to a pressure of 40 psi and goes 18.7m ; the other is at 105 psi and...
  41. I

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  42. J

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  43. I

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  44. I

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  45. A

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  46. A

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  47. B

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  48. S

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  49. H

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  50. K

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