the julian day formula goes like this:(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

[tex]\begin{matrix}a & = & \left\lfloor\frac{14 - month}{12}\right\rfloor \\ \\y & = & year + 4800 - a \\ \\m & = & month + 12a - 3 \\\end{matrix}[/tex]

For a date in the Gregorian calendar (at noon):

[tex]\begin{matrix}JDN & = & day + \left\lfloor\frac{153m + 2}{5}\right\rfloor + 365y + \left\lfloor\frac{y}{4}\right\rfloor - \left\lfloor\frac{y}{100}\right\rfloor + \left\lfloor\frac{y}{400}\right\rfloor - 32045\end{matrix}[/tex]

For a date in the Julian calendar (at noon):

[tex]\begin{matrix}JDN & = & day + \left\lfloor\frac{153m + 2}{5}\right\rfloor + 365y + \left\lfloor\frac{y}{4}\right\rfloor - 32083\end{matrix}[/tex]

I do not understand how each step works, so can someone please guide me through?

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# About julian days

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