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Autonomous Diff. Equation, Free Fall Encountering Resistance

  1. May 23, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Given: If a body of a mass m falling from rest under the action of gravity encounters an air resistance proportional to the square of velocity, then the body's velocity t seconds in the fall satisfies

    v' = g - [(kv^2)/m] where k>0

    and is a constant that depends on the body's aerodynamic properties and the density of the air (assume fall is too short to be affected by changes in the density).

    For a 110 lb skydiver (mg=110) and with time in seconds and distance in ft., a typical value of k is .005. What is the diver's terminal velocity?

    2. Relevant equations

    terminal velocity = v = √((mg)/k)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    This is a problem from the autonomous differential equation section. The first two parts of the equation were to sketch phase lines and a typical velocity curve, which was completed. This part, the third part of the question, wants the diver's terminal velocity.

    For the earlier sections, I found out that v=√((mg)/k) which is the equilibrium pt./terminal velocity. I expected the answer to be √(110/.005) but the back of the textbook said that it was √(160/.005). How did 110 become 160 for the mg section? Does it have something to do with a conversion that I needed to do and missed or did it involve solving with v''?

    Thanks in advance for any help.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 23, 2013 #2

    CAF123

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    Gold Member

    Are you sure thats not 1600/.005 ? I think the issue is the conversion of units.
     
  4. May 23, 2013 #3
    It is definitely sqrt(160/.005).
     
  5. May 25, 2013 #4

    CAF123

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    Gold Member

    I am not sure then - possible error in book?
     
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