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Boltzmann statistics - finding the number of particles

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Boltzmann statistics -- finding the number of particles

Homework Statement


A column of water contains fine spherical metal particles of radius 2 x10-8m, which are in thermal equilibrium at 25C. If there are 1000 particles per unit volume at a given height, how many particles would be found in the same volum 1 mm higher? The density of the metal is 2 x104 kg m-3. Hint: use gravitational force and buoyancy in water and compute change in potential energy

Homework Equations


Fnet= [tex]\rho[/tex]Vg - mg ([tex]\rho[/tex] is density, V is volume, g is gravity, m is mass)

F*d = -mg [tex]\Delta[/tex]h (h is height, d = height, F = Fnet

n(E) = g(E)fb(E) = A g(E)e-E/kT
n(E) = number of particles with energy E
g(E) = statistical weight of the state with energy E
A = normalization constant whose value depends of the system
k = boltzmann constant
T = temperature
E = energy

The Attempt at a Solution



What I did was just substitute Fnet= [tex]\rho[/tex]Vg - mg
into F*d = -mg [tex]\Delta[/tex]h which gives me the change in potential energy. I'm not sure what to do with the boltmann distribution formula after that or do I even need it? I'm just stuck and don't know where to go. Any help will be appreciated

Thank you
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
olgranpappy
Homework Helper
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Homework Statement


A column of water contains fine spherical metal particles of radius 2 x10-8m, which are in thermal equilibrium at 25C. If there are 1000 particles per unit volume at a given height, how many particles would be found in the same volum 1 mm higher? The density of the metal is 2 x104 kg m-3. Hint: use gravitational force and buoyancy in water and compute change in potential energy

Homework Equations


Fnet= [tex]\rho[/tex]Vg - mg ([tex]\rho[/tex] is density, V is volume, g is gravity, m is mass)

F*d = -mg [tex]\Delta[/tex]h (h is height, d = height, F = Fnet

n(E) = g(E)fb(E) = A g(E)e-E/kT
n(E) = number of particles with energy E
g(E) = statistical weight of the state with energy E
A = normalization constant whose value depends of the system
k = boltzmann constant
T = temperature
E = energy

The Attempt at a Solution



What I did was just substitute Fnet= [tex]\rho[/tex]Vg - mg
into F*d = -mg [tex]\Delta[/tex]h which gives me the change in potential energy. I'm not sure what to do with the boltmann distribution formula after that or do I even need it? I'm just stuck and don't know where to go. Any help will be appreciated

Thank you
you need the density as a function of height. that's why you need the boltmann distribution function for the density.
 

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