# Capacitor with uniform space charge between them

rohanlol7

## Homework Statement

2 large plates are separated by a distance d and a space charge of uniform charge density p is placed between them and a potential difference V is applied across the plates. Find the electric field stength at a distance x fromt the positive plate
The answer is -V/d +p(x-2d)/2e ( e = epsiolon0)

gauss law

## The Attempt at a Solution

using gauss law:
EA = Qenc/e, Qenc = A*g + charge inside my box, which i can't seem to find, since i have no idea how all the charge will redistribute, I'm guessing some will go onto the plates, or maybe they will redistrubute so as to create an opposing field of equal magnitude to the external field...

Homework Helper
Gold Member
... since i have no idea how all the charge will redistribute ...
Suppose the charges are fixed and do not redistribute. What would your answer be in that case?

rohanlol7
Suppose the charges are fixed and do not redistribute. What would your answer be in that case?
-V/d + px/e

Homework Helper
Gold Member
px/e
How did you find this? DId you consider the electric flux through both sides of the Gaussian surface?

rohanlol7
Suppose the charges are fixed and do not redistribute. What would your answer be in that case?
How did you find this? DId you consider the electric flux through both sides of the Gaussian surface?
no i didn't. So if i try and consider this, does is go like this ? the E field going from the positive plate will be -V/2d + px/e and through the left that should give -V/2d -p(d-x)/e and adding those two would give -V/d + pd/e ?

Homework Helper
Gold Member
You have to be careful here. Suppose you only have the space charge. The electric field at a point equidistant from the two ends must be zero because you have as much charge on the left side as on the right. Therefore, whatever expression you find for the space charge electric field contribution alone must give zero at x = d/2. Do you agree?

rohanlol7
You have to be careful here. Suppose you only have the space charge. The electric field at a point equidistant from the two ends must be zero because you have as much charge on the left side as on the right. Therefore, whatever expression you find for the space charge electric field contribution alone must give zero at x = d/2. Do you agree?
yes i definitely do agree, i did realize that if its at a point x then a further distance of x on the other side will cancel that E field, however I'm not sure how to go around formulating that properly mathematically properly