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Chain on a cone

  1. Oct 10, 2015 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A loop of flexible chain, of total weight W, rests on a smooth, frictionless right circular cone of base radius r and height h. The chain rests in a horizontal circle on the cone, whose axis is vertical. Find the tension in the chain.

    2. Relevant equations
    Virtual work, but I've done it with newton's ## F = ma ##.

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I considered a part of a chain that spread on an arch of angle ## \Delta \theta ## (angle is very small) The forces ## T ## on each end of arch exert horizontal force ## 2T \sin(\frac{\Delta \theta}{2}) ## which has to be equalized by horizontal component ## N_{x} ## of normal force.
    Equations are:
    ## N_{x} = T \Delta \theta ##
    ## N_{y} = W \frac{\Delta \theta}{2 \pi} ##
    ## \frac{N_{x}}{N_{y}} = \frac{h}{r} ##
    Solution is:
    ## T = \frac{W}{2 \pi} \cdot \frac{h}{r} ##

    Is this answer correct? Any tips how to handle this problem using principle of virtual work?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 12, 2015 #2

    andrewkirk

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    Science Advisor
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    Gold Member

    Hello tobix and welcome to physicsforums.

    My answer matches yours.

    Why do you want to use virtual work? The problem is a static one, and virtual work typically involves movement, or at least potential movement. It might be useful if they had asked you to prove that the described configuration has the lowest potential energy. But they haven't asked you to do that.
     
  4. Oct 12, 2015 #3
    I was told to use virtual work principle, but I don't see any starting point. Nevertheless I am going to stick with static solution. Thank you for your answer.
     
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