# Complex integration

Without using Cauchy's Integral Formula or Residuals, I am trying to integrate

$$\int_{\gamma}\frac{dz}{z^2+1}$$

Around a circle of radius 2 centered at the origin oriented counterclockwise.

$$\frac{i}{2}\left[\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{1}{z+i}dz-\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{1}{z-i}dz\right]$$

$$\gamma(t)=2e^{it}, \quad \gamma'(t)=2ie^{it}$$

The answer is zero. I am supposed to get each integral to be $2\pi i$ which is 0 when subtracted.

I know it is related to the fact that $\int_{\gamma}\frac{1}{z}dz = 2\pi i$.

And using u-sub isn't correct since any closed path would be zero when that isnt true. The integral of 1/z shows that not all closed paths will be zero.

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Try using the identity:

$$\int \frac {du}{a^2 + u^2} = \frac{1}{a}arctan\frac{u}{a} +c$$

Try using the identity:

$$\int \frac {du}{a^2 + u^2} = \frac{1}{a}arctan\frac{u}{a} +c$$
That is nice and a lot easier than the route I was taking. Without the substitution of the integral, would it sill have the bounds of 0 and 2pi though? I know it is over gamma but the bounds were for 2e^{it}.

The circle starts and ends at the same point. Your bounds are actually from 2 to 2. The integral identity applied to your problem requires bounds in z, not in terms of its parametrization.