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Contour integral with exponential in the denominator

  1. Nov 14, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Use the contour integral
    to evaluate the real integral
    [itex]\int^{\infty}_{- \infty}\frac{e^{px}}{1+e^x}dx[/itex]​
    The contour is attached.
    It is a closed rectangle in the positive half of the complex plane. It height is 2i∏.

    2. Relevant equations
    [itex]\oint f(z)dz = 2 \pi i \sum Res[f(z)] [/itex]
    [itex] Res[f(z=z_{0})] = (m-1)! \frac{d^{m-1}}{dz^{m-1}}(z-z_{0})^{m}f(z)|_{z=z_{0}}[/itex]
    where m is the degree of the pole.

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I found that there was a simple pole at z = i∏, so I must use the residue theorem to find the value of the complex integral.
    [itex] Res[f(z=i \pi)] = (z-i \pi) \frac{e^{pz}}{1+e^z}|_{z=i \pi}[/itex]
    In the past I've had to fiddle with the denominator to get the z-z0 terms to cancel out, but in those cases it involved something nice and simple. I have no idea what to do with this equation.
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 14, 2011 #2


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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    The residue is defined as the LIMIT of your expression as z->i*pi, it's not the value of the expression at z=i*pi (unless you do your magic cancellation). Try using l'Hopital to find the limit.
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