Derivative of y = sin x * cos x

  1. I'm working through Kline's Calculus book, and am at the chapter on Integration on Differentiation of Trig Functions. A question asks to find the derivative of:

    (I've labeled all equations for easy reference)

    (1) y = sin x * cos x

    unlike the solution guide which advocates using the product rule, I decided to use the product to sum trig identity and work from there. Unfortunately it looks like my answer is incorrect, and I'd like to know why.

    So, using the trig identity:

    (2) sin a * cos b = (sin(a+b) + sin(a-b)) / 2

    I computed:

    (3) y = (sin(x + x) + sin(x - x)) / 2

    then,

    (4) y = (sin(2x) + sin(0)) / 2

    which simplifies to:

    (5) y = (sin(2x)) / 2

    Then By the chain rule:

    (6) y' = (2 * cos(2x)) / 2

    which yields:

    (7) y' = cos(2x)

    yet the solution guide has

    (8) y' = -sin^2(x) + cos^2(x) which is clearly different.

    Where did I go wrong?
     
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Defennder

    Defennder 2,616
    Homework Helper

    They are the same.

    [tex]\cos (2x) = \cos^2 (x) - \sin^2(x) [/tex].
     
  4. FYI - I redid the problem using the product rule and got the same answer as the text. However, why does the identity method not work?
     
  5. Defender - so it is! I missed that one. Thanks!
     
  6. Make it easier: [tex]\sin x\cos x=\frac{\sin{2x}}{2}[/tex]
     
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