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Whyalwaysme

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Without using vector calculus, how can derive Ampere's law from Biot-Savart law?

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- Thread starter Whyalwaysme
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In summary, Ampere's law is a fundamental principle in electromagnetism that relates the magnetic field around a closed loop to the electric current passing through that loop. It is derived from the Biot-Savart law by integrating over a closed loop and applying the divergence theorem. The main assumptions made in this derivation are that the current is steady, the current elements are infinitesimal, and the magnetic field is constant over the current elements. Ampere's law has various applications in science and technology, including calculating magnetic fields around electrical devices and in medical imaging techniques.

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Whyalwaysme

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Without using vector calculus, how can derive Ampere's law from Biot-Savart law?

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ShayanJ

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Ampere's law is a fundamental principle in electromagnetism that relates the magnetic field around a closed loop to the electric current passing through that loop. It states that the line integral of the magnetic field around a closed loop is equal to the permeability of free space times the total current passing through the loop.

The Biot-Savart law is a fundamental equation in electromagnetism that describes the magnetic field produced by a steady current. It states that the magnetic field at a point is directly proportional to the current, the length of the current element, and the sine of the angle between the current element and the line connecting the point to the element.

To derive Ampere's law from the Biot-Savart law, one must integrate the Biot-Savart law over a closed loop and apply the divergence theorem. This results in a simplified form of Ampere's law, which states that the line integral of the magnetic field around a closed loop is equal to the product of the current passing through the loop and the permeability of free space.

The main assumptions made in deriving Ampere's law from the Biot-Savart law are that the current is steady, the current elements are infinitesimal, and the magnetic field is constant over the current elements. Additionally, the loop used in the derivation must be a closed loop and the magnetic field must be symmetric about the current-carrying wire.

Ampere's law has numerous applications in science and technology. It is used to calculate the magnetic field around current-carrying wires and coils, which is essential in designing electrical devices such as motors, generators, and transformers. It also plays a crucial role in understanding the behavior of electromagnetic waves and in the study of magnetohydrodynamics, which is the interaction of magnetic fields and electrically conducting fluids. Additionally, Ampere's law is used in medical imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

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