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I Electric currents and length contraction

  1. Nov 8, 2017 #1
    Hi people, me bother yo again!

    I understand that relativity theory lenght contraction is the explanation of magnetics fields.
    See the image:

    1) In the S system, if q is moving at the same velocity than the electrons that made the current, the -I current into a neutral wire produces a magnetic field B that make a force Fm on q.
    2) It can be explained what happens in 1) from what happens in a system S´ that is moving at the same velocity than electrons and q. The lenght contraction of proton-proton distances made the wire not even more neutral so q, at rest in S´, feels an electric force Fe.

    My question is why in S, as I show in 3) the moving of electrons do not result in lenght contraction of theire electron-electron distances making the wire not neutral and then an electric force Fe appears on q?

    In this case I think I have the answer but not sure if it is correct and then I ask you about it:

    Is cause "a neutral wire in S" is neutral because the main distances electron-electron in a frame where electrons are a rest is the one needed to make those distances are the same as proton-proton distances in a frame where protons are at rest?


    PS: In the case my answer is correct, the trasient from neutral wire without currents to steady current in it, would be interesting in terms of relativity effects! I´m right?
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 8, 2017 #2


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  4. Nov 8, 2017 #3
    Nice! Thanks.
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