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Homework Help: Electric field of a linear charge on the axis of the line segment

  1. Feb 21, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A uniform line charge of linear charge density 5 nC/m extends from x = 0 m to x = 4 m. Find the electric field at x = 7 m. Answer in units of N/C.

    2. Relevant equations
    8.85 × 10^−12 C2/(N · m^2) is the permittivity constant
    8.98755 ×10^9 (N · m^2)/C^2 is Coulomb's constant
    Gauss's Law surface integral of E da = Q/(permittivity constant)

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I know the field of of a point on the SIDE of the same line segment is
    kQ
    (r square root of (r^2 +(L/2)^2))
    Where r is the distance from the rod, and L the length of the rod, but my attempts are wrong.
    I do not know how to find the field of a rod on the same axis.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 21, 2010 #2

    kuruman

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Hi MyAmpsGoTo11, welcome to PF. Gauss's law is irrelevant here. You need to find a general expression for the electric filed on the axis, then plug in the numbers. To do this, consider the rod as consisting of many small individual point charges dq, find the contribution dE to the electric field at the point of interest of just this charge, then add all such contributions, i.e. integrate over the length of the rod.
     
  4. Feb 21, 2010 #3
    Ah! Awesome. I see. This online homework my teacher assigned is titled Gauss's Law, and I'm disappointed I didn't get it sooner. Thank you so much. :)
     
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