- #1

Evis

- 5

- 0

## Homework Statement

Calculate the enthalpy of the reaction

4B(s)+3O2(g)→2B2O3(s)

given the following pertinent information:

- B2O3(s)+3H2O(g)→3O2(g)+B2H6(g), ΔH∘A=+2035kJ
- 2B(s)+3H2(g)→B2H6(g), ΔH∘B=+36kJ
- H2(g)+1/2O2(g)→H2O(l), ΔH∘C=−285kJ
- H2O(l)→H2O(g), ΔH∘D=+44kJ

## Homework Equations

ΔH=Sum of all ΔH of each reaction. (Hess' Law?)

## The Attempt at a Solution

2[2B(s)+3H2(g)→B2H6(g)] ΔH=72 J

2[3O2(g)+B2H6(g)→B2O3(s)+3H2O(g)] ΔH=-4070kJ

ΔH=3998 kJThis incorporates the correct reactants and products. We still need to add H2, but there's no way to react only the given reactants, B and O2, into H2 at all. Also, there is no way to react out the H2O from the given equations.

**The actual solution**

6[H2O(g)→H2O(l)] ΔH=-264 kJ

6[H2O(l)→H2(g)+1/2O2(g)] ΔH=1710J

2[2B(s)+3H2(g)→B2H6(g)] ΔH=72 kJ

2[3O2(g)+B2H6(g)→B2O3(s)+3H2O(g)] ΔH=-4070kJ

ΔH=-2552

Colours correspond to canceled products.

I understand the process given, but not how it relates to the goal equation. This process requires water to be added as a reactant and for 3H2 and 3H2O to be products, which are not included in the goal equation. Adding the extra reactions with water do not seem directly part of the goal equation.