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Find electric potential

  1. May 5, 2013 #1

    utkarshakash

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    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A point charge q is placed at a distance 2r from the centre O of a conducting charged sphere of radius r. Due to the induced charges on the sphere, find the electric potential at point P on the surface of sphere(it is at a distance 3r from q) (if Kq/r = 18 volt)

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution
    Due to the induced charges the potential will be 0 as there are as many -ve charge on the surface of sphere as that of +ve charge. So the net potential is due to q which comes out to be 6 but correct answer is 3.
     
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  3. May 5, 2013 #2

    rude man

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    This is best handled by image methods. Given the location of q outside your sphere, where and what size& polarity is the image charge inside the sphere? Then you dump the sphere and work with just the two point charges.
     
  4. May 6, 2013 #3

    utkarshakash

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    How can there be a net charge on the sphere when it is initially neutral? It must be zero. Half of the sphere will contain -ve charge and the other half, +ve charge.
    Also what do you mean by image methods?
     
  5. May 6, 2013 #4

    rude man

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    As I said, once the image charge is in place the sphere is gone. So there is no charged sphere or any other kind.

    The function of the image charge is to geneate a field that is indistinguishable from the charge-redistributed sphere at the point of observation. The so-synthesized field is invalid for regions inside the sphere since the field inside a pure conductor has to be zero.
     
  6. May 8, 2013 #5

    utkarshakash

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    I don't think that this simple problem requires me to use such kind of methods.
     
  7. May 8, 2013 #6
    The number of charges are same but they aren't uniformly distributed due to polarization. They will produce a potential.
     
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