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## Homework Statement

Context is cosmology but not really relevant to the integration.

I've managed to integrate it using substitution but it didn't seem that neat. Coming back after two-years off and I'm a bit rusty at spotting the best substitutions (wasn't great to start with .

## Homework Equations

[tex]\int^x_0\frac{1}{\sqrt{1 + x^2/R^2}}dx = Rsinh^{-1} x/R[/tex]

## The Attempt at a Solution

I've got to the solution using atan substitution and then integrating sec(x), was wondering whether there were any simpler methods as it was alot more work than a far easier question with the same amount of marks.