Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Latex superscript of the second row overlap

  1. Aug 4, 2007 #1
    When I compile the following latex code on my computer, the subscript of the first row and the superscript of the second row overlap. Is there any way to make the rows farther apart?

    [tex]\begin{array}{ccccc}
    \cos^2\phi_y^1 - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & \cos^2\phi^1_z - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1 cos\phi_y^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1\cos\phi_z^1 & 2\cos \phi^1_y \cos\phi_z^1 \\
    \cos^2\phi_y^2 - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & \cos^2\phi^2_z - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2 cos\phi_y^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2\cos\phi_z^2 & 2\cos \phi^2_y \cos\phi_z^2 \end{array} \right)
    \end{array}[/tex]
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 4, 2007 #2

    mjsd

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    they shouldn't under the equation enviroment, but you could try \vspace{..cm} at the end of first line
     
  4. Aug 4, 2007 #3
    That did not work. I uploaded the file as .txt
     

    Attached Files:

  5. Aug 4, 2007 #4

    Gokul43201

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    I don't see any overlap in in firefox.

    Testing...

    [tex]\begin{array}{ccccc}
    \cos^2\phi_y^1 - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & \cos^2\phi^1_z - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1 cos\phi_y^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1\cos\phi_z^1 & 2\cos \phi^1_y \cos\phi_z^1 \\
    \\
    \cos^2\phi_y^2 - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & \cos^2\phi^2_z - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2 cos\phi_y^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2\cos\phi_z^2 & 2\cos \phi^2_y \cos\phi_z^2 \end{array} \right)
    \end{array}[/tex]

    How's that?
     
  6. Aug 5, 2007 #5
    That is true. I was compiling in TexNic center with Miktex. There should be a better solution than inserting a blank row! Why would the TeXnic center compile differently than Firefox? I need to make a pdf. Is there anyway I can do that with Firefox?
     
  7. Aug 5, 2007 #6

    robphy

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    What mjsd was suggesting was to use \vspace, which offers a little more control.

    [tex]
    \begin{array}{ccccc}
    \cos^2\phi_y^1 - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & \cos^2\phi^1_z - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1 cos\phi_y^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1\cos\phi_z^1 & 2\cos \phi^1_y \cos\phi_z^1
    \\
    \cos^2\phi_y^2 - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & \cos^2\phi^2_z - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2 cos\phi_y^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2\cos\phi_z^2 & 2\cos \phi^2_y \cos\phi_z^2 \end{array} \right)
    \end{array}
    [/tex]

    vs.

    using \vspace{0.15ex} [using units which scale with the font]
    [tex]
    \begin{array}{ccccc}
    \cos^2\phi_y^1 - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & \cos^2\phi^1_z - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1 cos\phi_y^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1\cos\phi_z^1 & 2\cos \phi^1_y \cos\phi_z^1
    \vspace{0.15ex}
    \\
    \cos^2\phi_y^2 - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & \cos^2\phi^2_z - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2 cos\phi_y^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2\cos\phi_z^2 & 2\cos \phi^2_y \cos\phi_z^2 \end{array} \right)
    \end{array}
    [/tex]


    vs.

    using \smallskip [alt: \bigskip]
    [tex]
    \begin{array}{ccccc}
    \cos^2\phi_y^1 - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & \cos^2\phi^1_z - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1 cos\phi_y^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1\cos\phi_z^1 & 2\cos \phi^1_y \cos\phi_z^1
    \smallskip
    \\
    \cos^2\phi_y^2 - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & \cos^2\phi^2_z - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2 cos\phi_y^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2\cos\phi_z^2 & 2\cos \phi^2_y \cos\phi_z^2 \end{array} \right)
    \end{array}
    [/tex]
     
  8. Aug 5, 2007 #7
    That works. Thanks.
     
  9. Aug 5, 2007 #8
    [tex]\begin{equation}
    \left( \begin{array}{ccccc}
    \cos^2\phi_y^1 - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & \cos^2\phi^1_z - \cos^2\phi_x^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1 cos\phi_y^1 & 2\cos\phi_x^1\cos\phi_z^1 & 2\cos \phi^1_y \cos\phi_z^1 \bigskip \\
    \cos^2\phi_y^2 - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & \cos^2\phi^2_z - \cos^2\phi_x^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2 cos\phi_y^2 & 2\cos\phi_x^2\cos\phi_z^2 & 2\cos \phi^2_y \cos\phi_z^2 \bigskip \\

    \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \vdots \bigskip\\


    \cos^2\phi_y^n - \cos^2\phi_x^n & \cos^2\phi^n_z - \cos^2\phi_x^n & 2\cos\phi_x^\n cos\phi_y^n & 2\cos\phi_x^n\cos\phi_z^n & 2\cos \phi^2_n \cos\phi_z^n \end{array} \right)

    \end{equation}[/tex]

    One more thing. Can someone help me figure out what is wrong in my equation environment? Why is the (1) below the equation and not beside it?
     
  10. Aug 5, 2007 #9

    robphy

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Your line is too long...

    [tex]\begin{equation}
    \left( \begin{array}{ccccc}
    \cos^2\phi_y^1 - \bigskip \\
    \cos^2\phi_y^2 - \bigskip \\

    \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \vdots \bigskip\\


    \cos^2\phi_y^n - \end{array} \right)

    \end{equation}[/tex]

    You might be able to force a longer line using
    \setlength{\textwidth}{6.0in}
     
  11. Aug 5, 2007 #10
    It is not too long for my pdf, however. Is there a way I can left align the array, because it starting way too far to the right with miktex?
     
  12. Aug 5, 2007 #11

    robphy

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    You might be able to use \hspace{-1in} or hspace*{-1in}.

    Alternatively, you might try \lefteqn
    http://www.google.com/search?q=lefteqn

    I'm not sure if \smash{your equation} followed by an appropriate \hspace would work as well.
     
  13. Aug 5, 2007 #12
    \hspace{-1in} worked! Thanks.

    I am really starting to hate MikTex and the stupid texnic center!
     
  14. Aug 6, 2007 #13

    CompuChip

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    You can also use split or eqnarray, instead of array inside equation.
    I think array switches to textstyle be default, which is also ugly when you have fractions.
     
  15. Aug 6, 2007 #14
    I would still need an array inside of the eqnarray since I have a matrix that is part of the equation, right?
     
  16. Aug 8, 2007 #15
    Also, is there a way I could have an equation and then a text explanation to the right that is against the margin on that same line?
     
  17. Aug 8, 2007 #16
    Sorry, one more thing. How would I get the nice pretty font for classical Hamiltonian H in a latex document.
     
  18. Aug 8, 2007 #17

    robphy

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    you could try \marginpar{my comment}...
    but it might not work from within a math environment.

    maybe \cal{H}
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?



Similar Discussions: Latex superscript of the second row overlap
  1. Superscript 2 (Replies: 11)

Loading...