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Moment of inertia physical pendulum

  1. Jan 5, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    I have a physical pendulum that is rotating about an fixed axis.

    The period is:

    [itex]T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac{I}{mgd}}[/itex]

    I = moment of inertia

    d = distance between the center of mass and the axis.


    The problem is:

    If you add a mass in the end of the pendulum. The period is going to increase or decrease.


    My attempt:

    the inertia of a rod (physical pendulum)
    [itex]I = md^{2} + \frac{1}{12}mL^{2}[/itex]


    Without the mass, the moment inertia is :

    [itex]d = \frac {L}{2}[/itex] the center of mass in in the middle of the physical pendulum.

    [itex]I = m\frac {L^{2}}{4} + \frac{1}{12}mL^{2}[/itex]
    [itex]I = \frac{1}{3} mL^{2}[/itex]


    if i add a mass in the end of the pendulum then

    [itex]I = mL^{2} + \frac{1}{12}mL^{2}[/itex]

    [itex]I = \frac {13}{12} mL^{2}[/itex]


    without mass:

    [itex]T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac{\frac{1}{3} mL^{2}}{mg\frac{L}{2}}}[/itex]

    [itex] T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac{2L}{3g}} [/itex]

    with mass:

    [itex]T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac{\frac {13}{12} mL^{2}}{mgL}}[/itex]

    [itex]T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac {13L}{12g} }[/itex]




    If we add a mass in the end of the physical pendulum, then the period is going to increase.


    Can somebody check if my answer is correct?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 5, 2013 #2

    SammyS

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    I is the moment of inertia about the fixed axis.

    Do you know where the fixed axis is ?
     
  4. Jan 6, 2013 #3
    The fixed axis is where the pendulum swings (pivot). (Beginning of the pendulum)
     
  5. Jan 6, 2013 #4

    Doc Al

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    OK. Your physical pendulum is just a thin rod of mass m. (Is that what you had in mind? Or were you supposed to consider any physical pendulum?)


    Is the added mass equal to the mass of the rod? Since you want the rotational inertia about the axis, why are you adding the rotational inertia of the rod about its center of mass?

    Don't forget that when you add mass the location of the center of mass changes.
     
  6. Jan 6, 2013 #5
    it is the a thin rod.


    consider the mass of the (added mass) = to the mass of the rod.



    because d it's the distance from the center of mass and the pivot, then when we add a mass in the end of pendulum then d = L (the center of mass is in the end of the pendulum)

    if the mass is in the center then

    d = L^2/2
     
  7. Jan 6, 2013 #6

    Doc Al

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    OK. But you still need to correct your new rotational inertia.
    Before you add the additional mass, the center of mass is at d = L/2. When you add a mass 'm' to the end of the rod, where is the new center of mass of the system?
     
  8. Jan 6, 2013 #7
    When i add it to the end the d= L

    so it is [itex]I = mL^{2} + \frac{1}{12}mL^{2} = \frac{13}{13}mL^{2}[/itex] considering the mass of the added mass = mass of the thin rod.
     
  9. Jan 6, 2013 #8

    Doc Al

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    No. The center of mass would be at d = L only if all the mass were at the end.

    No. What's the rotational inertia of the rod about its end? (You calculated that in post #1, but then made no use of it.) That's what you should be adding.
     
  10. Jan 6, 2013 #9
    hum it is. 1/3ML^2

    so my calculus are wrong, because the mass is not all in the end. But if the mass of (added mass) is much greater than the mass of the rod, then the center of the mass is in the end right?
     
  11. Jan 6, 2013 #10

    Doc Al

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    Good.
    Yes.
    Sure. But then you will be treating it just like a simple pendulum, ignoring the mass of the rod.
     
  12. Jan 6, 2013 #11
    So i can conclude that if we had a significant mass in the end of the rod (physical pendulum), the moment of inertia is going to increase, as the period.
     
    Last edited: Jan 6, 2013
  13. Jan 7, 2013 #12

    Doc Al

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    The moment of inertia and the distance from pivot to center of mass will both increase. To see the effect on the period, just compare the results for the thin rod pendulum to that for the simple pendulum. (But yes, the period will increase.)
     
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