Oscillation and Period

This may result in a higher or lower period depending on the change in the relaxed length.In summary, the period of the oscillation of the mass attached to the ceiling of the elevator will change depending on the change in the relaxed length caused by the increased acceleration. It may result in a higher or lower period compared to when the elevator is at rest.
  • #1
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Homework Statement



A mass attached by a light spring to the ceiling of an elevator oscillates vertically while the elevator ascends with constant acceleration. Is the period greater than, less than, or the same as when the elevator is at rest

Homework Equations



T=2pi * sqrt(m/k)

The Attempt at a Solution


Since the equation doesn't account for acceleration, is the period the same?
 
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  • #2
okgo said:

Homework Statement



A mass attached by a light spring to the ceiling of an elevator oscillates vertically while the elevator ascends with constant acceleration. Is the period greater than, less than, or the same as when the elevator is at rest

Homework Equations



T=2pi * sqrt(m/k)

The Attempt at a Solution


Since the equation doesn't account for acceleration, is the period the same?

That is correct.

The increased acceleration (g + a) serves to alter the relaxed length at equilibrium.
 
  • #3


The period of an oscillating object is the time it takes for one complete cycle of motion. In this scenario, the period of the mass attached to the spring would be the same whether the elevator is at rest or ascending with constant acceleration. This is because the equation for the period does not take into account external forces such as acceleration. The period is solely dependent on the mass and the spring constant. Therefore, the period would remain the same regardless of the elevator's motion.
 

1. What is oscillation and period?

Oscillation refers to the repetitive motion of an object or system around a fixed point or equilibrium. It can be seen in various natural phenomena such as the motion of a pendulum or the vibrations of a guitar string. Period, on the other hand, is the time it takes for one complete cycle of oscillation to occur.

2. What factors affect the period of oscillation?

The period of oscillation is affected by two main factors: the mass of the object and the stiffness of the system. The heavier the object, the longer the period, while the stiffer the system, the shorter the period. Other factors that can affect the period include the amplitude of oscillation and the presence of external forces or friction.

3. How is period related to frequency?

Frequency is the number of complete oscillations that occur in one second. It is inversely proportional to the period, meaning that as the period increases, the frequency decreases and vice versa. This relationship can be expressed mathematically as frequency = 1/period.

4. What is the difference between simple harmonic motion and damped oscillation?

Simple harmonic motion is a type of oscillation where the restoring force is directly proportional to the displacement of the object. It results in a constant period and amplitude. Damped oscillation, on the other hand, occurs when the amplitude of the oscillation decreases over time due to the presence of damping forces such as friction or air resistance.

5. How is the concept of oscillation and period applied in real life?

Oscillation and period have various applications in everyday life. They are used in timekeeping devices such as pendulum clocks and watches. They are also important in fields such as engineering, where they are used to design structures that can withstand vibrations. In addition, the study of oscillation and period is essential in understanding natural phenomena such as earthquakes and sound waves.

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