# Particle physics basic concept from Standford Uni help

1. Feb 21, 2016

### TimeRip496

$$\psi^+ (x) |0\rangle = \sum_k e^{-ikx} a^+ (k) |0\rangle$$

Qns: What happens if you superpose/add up state vectors corresponding to a particle of momentum k and you add up with coefficient e-ikx?
$$\sum_k e^{-ikx} a^+ (k) |0\rangle$$ where a+ is a creation operator

Ans: The ans is it is a position state. It is a state with a definite position. What is a position? x. If you add up momentum states with e-ikx, that gives you a position state located at particle x. This is one particle quantum mechanics.

Source: Starts at 40:21

I am lost at this part whereby how multiplying e-ikx with a+(k) gives the position state?

2. Feb 21, 2016

### jambaugh

You need to look at the Fourier expansion of a delta function which is the wave function for a particle localized at a point position.
Any position vs momentum picture transformation is going to be a Fourier expansion of the other. Here you simply have it applied to operators in the field theory.