Problem about electric potential and power transmitted down a cable

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When to use ## V =-\int E ⋅ dl ## or ## V =\int E ⋅ dl ## ?

When i use ## V =-\int E ⋅ dl ##. i can not show that P = IV because ##\frac{ln \frac{b}{a}}{ln \frac{a}{b}} ≠ 1##

But the solution use ## V =\int E ⋅ dl ## I'm concerned about using "minus" .
 

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  • #2
vela
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The notation in the solutions is kind of sloppy, but it's easy enough to understand what was meant.

Assume that ##\vec E## points radially outward. Then the inner conductor is at a higher potential than the outer conductor so that ##V = V_a - V_b##. So you have
$$V = V_a - V_b = -\int_b^a \vec E \cdot d\vec l = \int_a^b \vec E \cdot d \vec l.$$
 

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