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Protein melt temp/half life relation?

  1. Nov 6, 2017 #1
    Is anyone familiar with a way to determine the half-life of a protein from its melt temperature (Tm)? It seems like there ought to be some sort of correlation, be it theoretical or empirical.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 6, 2017 #2

    Ygggdrasil

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    In many cases, protein degradation is not related to the thermodynamic stability of the protein, but rather, degradation is a regulated biological process that occurs through the ubiquitin-proteosome pathway. In this way, the cell can control the half-lives of proteins based on their biological functions and alter protein half-lives in different cell types and under different cellular conditions.
     
  4. Nov 6, 2017 #3
    True. However, I am specifically inquiring about degradation when this is not the case. For the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, there is usually an identifiable marker--what we call a 'degron tag' (I am coming from synthetic biology background here), and results in a half-life on the scale of minutes. In the case where I include no degradation tag for ubiquitin-mediated degradation, I am assuming the degradation must be a result of thermal instability. The classes of proteins I speak of here have half-lives on the scale of hours. I am hoping to refine this further for a mathematical model I am building. I have published information on the melt temp, and am hoping to work this back to half-life in some way. Thanks for the reply. Any further insight would be appreciated as well.
     
  5. Nov 7, 2017 #4

    jim mcnamara

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    This sounds more like a thermodynamics question, but I cannot find good references. Could you please indicate how you made that assumption? Clearly I am missing something.
     
  6. Nov 7, 2017 #5
    According to my colleagues with 30+ years of molecular biology experience, if a protein is not tagged for proteasome-mediated degradation, it degrades due to thermal instability. If this is true, there must be some relation between melt temperature and half-life. My hope in posting this is that someone might be aware of a reference that describes this relation, or that someone can correct an error in my thought process and explain why a relation or correlation does not exist.
     
  7. Dec 4, 2017 #6
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