# Question based on a video (battery and voltage)

in all three cases there is no battery or voltage source,right?Because I can't see any battery.But there is voltage ,then without battery how is potential difference created?I think potential difference is generated due to charged capacitors not by battery or any other voltage source.

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cnh1995
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I think potential difference is generated due to charged capacitors not by battery or any other voltage source.
Yes.In the circuit, the p.d. is due to the voltage across the charged capacitor. But for charging the capacitor before connecting it in the circuit, a battery might have been used.

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sophiecentaur and gracy
Yes.In the circuit, the pd is due to the voltage across the charged capacitor
In all three cases?

cnh1995
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In all three cases?
yes.

gracy
cnh1995
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You're welcome!

In the above video for case 1 ##V_f## was potential across equivalent capacitance of ##C_1## and ##C_2## why he used the same ##V_f## for individual capacitors also?If there would have been any battery present like this

then in this case I understand how potential difference across ##Ceq## and individual capacitors is same.But we know it does not have any battery then how potential across equivalent capacitance of ##C_1## and ##C_2## and individual capacitors is same?

cnh1995
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In the above video for case 1 ##V_f## was potential across equivalent capacitance of ##C_1## and ##C_2## why he used the same ##V_f## for individual capacitors also?If there would have been any battery present like this

View attachment 95582

then in this case I understand how potential difference across ##Ceq## and individual capacitors is same.But we know it does not have any battery then how potential across equivalent capacitance of ##C_1## and ##C_2## and individual capacitors is same?
The current will stop only when the voltages of C1 and C2 will be equal. Also, equivalent capacitane is connected between same two points as are C1 and C2.

sophiecentaur
Is potential difference across equivalent capacitor always same as potential difference across it's individual component capacitors?

cnh1995
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Is potential difference across equivalent capacitor always same as potential difference across it's individual component capacitors?
For parallel capacitors, yes.

gracy
For parallel capacitors, yes.
Even when the potential difference is not due to /created by battery?

sophiecentaur
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in all three cases there is no battery or voltage source,right?Because I can't see any battery.But there is voltage ,then without battery how is potential difference created?I think potential difference is generated due to charged capacitors not by battery or any other voltage source.
Really , Gracy; you expect us to trawl through 8+ minutes of that really boring presentation, which you found confusing. Couldn't you just be kind to us and ask the actual question that the video raised in your mind? The Web is full of that sort of badly presented stuff that, presumably, some poor students are expected to get their education from. From your past posts, I can see you are not clueless and that you have a fair grasp of this subject. I am not just being grumpy when I ask you to ask specific questions in your own words. As my hero Old Jim often remarks, "a question well asked, is half answered". He's sooooo right. This stuff is well within your capabilities, I'm sure.

davenn
cnh1995
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Even when the potential difference is not due to /created by battery?
Yes. Because there is no current in the circuit once the capacitors reach steady state. Current ceases to flow only when the capacitors have equal voltage.

gracy
cnh1995
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As my hero Old Jim often remarks, "a question well asked, is half answered". He's sooooo right.
True! And Jim is one of the best science advisors I have known here on PF!

sophiecentaur
Gracy; you expect us to trawl through 8+ minutes of that really boring presentation, which you found confusing. Couldn't you just be kind to us and ask the actual question that the video raised in your mind? The Web is full of that sort of badly presented stuff that, presumably, some poor students are expected to get their education from
Well ,I find that video both interesting as well as useful and I am not poor.To each his own.

I wonder how you found out that it is for poor students.It is for educational purpose and we should not classify it as you did .Education is same for all poor or rich.

cnh1995
jbriggs444
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Well ,I find that video both interesting as well as useful and I am not poor.To each his own.

I wonder how you found out that it is for poor students.It is for educational purpose and we should not classify it as you did .Education is same for all poor or rich.
In the vernacular, the "poor whoever" phrase does not indicate that the person is poor financially, but that the situation being described is one which does not act to his or her benefit.

e.g. "oh, those poor people in the oncoming lanes of traffic heading toward that backup that we just passed" applies equally well when those poor people are driving rusted out beaters or new model BMW's.

In the vernacular, the "poor whoever" phrase does not indicate that the person is poor financially, but that the situation being described is one which does not act to his or her benefit.
Obviously I know that.

But the way he has written ,it looks like he did mean poor( financially).

sophiecentaur
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But the way he has written ,it looks like he did mean poor( financially).
I am so sorry it came across that way. I meant 'poor' in the sense that the students would have been suffering with such a boring presentation.
Our common English language is full of pitfalls.

cnh1995
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students would have been suffering with such a boring presentation.
Well, I liked that post because of its last few lines and Jim's quote. But I disagree with what you said in the first part. Maybe you find his Indian accent boring but I don't think all the students are getting bored with such presentations. You are an old, experienced man. You might have gone through a different learning environment and hence, you might be finding these videos boring, but that doesn't mean all the students should find them boring. "Boring" and "bad presentation" are your personal opinions but with all due respect, I do not think you should express them that way. Some videos like that have been very helpful for me and many of my fellow students. So, I personally think that remark is somewhat rude.

gracy
jbriggs444
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Obviously I know that.
It may have been obvious to you. You may have expected it to be obvious to others. However, if it was obvious to me, I would not have attempted an explanation.

It is often useful when interacting over the Internet to assume good intent -- to grow a thick skin and allow imagined slights, insults or misrepresentations to go unchallenged.

sophiecentaur
sophiecentaur
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Maybe you find his Indian accent boring but I don't think all the students are getting bored with such presentations.
No problem with the accent (My feed was with a very 'English' accent). I just have a problem with presentations that would be better in written form. I am of the opinion that poorly handwritten stuff on a blackboard, shown of a small screen and with limited resolution is nothing like as useful as a well prepared and written passage in a text book. I guess it's something to do with the culture of needing to see stuff on a screen to get peoples' attention, never mind the quality.
I have been given loads of formal advice about presentation in teaching and delivering technical stuff to colleagues and the way not to do it is to read out exactly what is being written on a board or in a Powerpoint presentation. Perhaps it's too much to ask for some enthusiasm from a lecturer??
I could watch Feynman all day because he does it right.
I am sorry if you found my remark rude but, if people want to get useful input on PF then it would help if the meat of the questions is readily accessible. I think you have to admit that there is an awful lot of very turgid stuff on the web that's just too much like hard work to follow.

cnh1995
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I could watch Feynman all day because he does it right.
That's what I meant by "different learning environment". Feynman's lectures are one of the very best, no doubt about that but they are not shown in every institute and not everyone is Feynman. I also totally agree with your opinion about a Powerpoint presentation but the video is not so bad that one would not understand a thing or worse, the concepts are being taught all wrong. Everyone has his own way, with some flaws. But still the videos are helpful. I agree with your points about a presentation and enthusiasm, but I would not compare him with Feynman or Walter Lewin. The concepts taught by him are perfect and hence the videos are helpful for many.

gracy
One more question from the same video

From time 5:11 i.e in third case

From time 7:22 to 7:32 he says if we take ##Q_1## >##Q_2## then ##V_x## > ##V_y##

I want to ask why he did not assume ##q_{1f}## > ##q_{2f}## rather than ##Q_1## >##Q_2##? Had he assumed ##q_{1f}## > ##q_{2f}## the result would have been different or the same ##V_x## > ##V_y##?

SammyS
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One more question from the same video

From time 5:11 i.e in third case

From time 7:22 to 7:32 he says if we take ##Q_1## >##Q_2## then ##V_x## > ##V_y##

I want to ask why he did not assume ##q_{1f}## > ##q_{2f}## rather than ##Q_1## >##Q_2##? Had he assumed ##q_{1f}## > ##q_{2f}## the result would have been different or the same ##V_x## > ##V_y##?
Think about it for a moment. Q1 and Q2 are the initial charge values. It only makes sense to begin at the beginning.

But there's more to say regarding your question. Notice that Mr. Arora says nothing to compare ##\ q_{1f} \ ## and ##\ q_{2f} \ .\ ## He only gives a result for their sum.

Whether .##\ q_{1f}>q_{2f} \ ## or ##\ q_{1f}<q_{2f} \ ## or even ##\ q_{1f}=q_{2f} \ ##, all of that depends upon the relative capacitances, C1 and C2 .

Whether . q1f>q2f q1f<q_{2f} or q_{1f}=q_{2f} \ , all depends upon the relative capacitances, C1 and C2 .
But I am assuming that ##q_1f## >##q_2f## ,if that's the case will ##V_x##>##V_y##? By ##V_x## and ##V_y## I mean final potential at x and final potential at y respectively. I think I should write

But I am assuming that ##q_1f## >##q_2f## ,if that's the case will ##V_{xf}##>##V_{yf}##?