# Show that cos(π/5) = λ/2

1. Oct 28, 2014

### PcumP_Ravenclaw

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Show that cos(π/5) = λ/2, where λ = (1 +√5)/2 (the Golden Ratio).

2. Relevant equations
[Hint: As cos 5θ = 1, where θ = 2π/5, we see from De Moivre’s theorem
that P(cos θ) = 0 for some polynomial P of degree five. Now observe that
P(z) = (1 − z)Q(z)2 for some quadratic polynomial Q.]

3. The attempt at a solution

Not sure how!!
from P(cos θ) = 0
there are 5 solutions for p(z) and one solution for θ. but then only one of the 6 multiplying factors needs to be zero right?
i.e. $(z - a)(z - b)(z - c)(z - d)(z - e)(Cos θ) = 0$ only one of them needs to be zero because anything multiplied zero is also zero.

2. Oct 28, 2014

### Staff: Mentor

Is the last factor supposed to be Q(z)2?
No. From P(z) = 0, there are 5 solutions, but from P(cos θ) = 0, θ doesn't need to be zero and cos(θ) doesn't need to be zero.