# What will be the complete equation for an oxide of a metal?

• Indranil
In summary, the equation states that when an oxide of a metal is mixed with oxygen, two molecules of oxygen are created. The metal participates in the formation of these molecules by sharing electrons with the oxygen atoms.
Indranil

## Homework Statement

What will be the complete equation if an oxide of a metal is MO?

3. The Attempt at a Solution

M + O2 = MO or M2 + O2 = MO
As far as I know, non-metals come as molecules such as O2, N2 etc But I am confused about metals. in the reactant, do metals react as a molecule or as an atom-like above?

Find out how many atoms of each element make a molecule of that element. Then you can write the left hand side of the equation.

The right hand side contains MO.

Then make adjustments to ensure the equation balances.

CWatters said:
Find out how many atoms of each element make a molecule of that element. Then you can write the left hand side of the equation.

The right hand side contains MO.

Then make adjustments to ensure the equation balances.
That's the problem. As I know 2 atoms of 'O' make a molecule of O2 But how to calculate the atoms of M that makes a molecule?

How many oxygens in the metal oxide depends on the metal. What is the charge of the metal ion? Know that or find that; and then balance with the needed moles of oxygen. The charges of plus and minus must balance for the metal oxide formula unit.

Indranil said:
That's the problem. As I know 2 atoms of 'O' make a molecule of O2 But how to calculate the atoms of M that makes a molecule?
The periodic table breaks down into groups that in general behave similarly. You will have to read up on the different groups, their properties and the way bonding works.

Most metals don't form molecules due to the way they share electrons.

Have you covered the different types of bonds yet?

symbolipoint
CWatters said:
The periodic table breaks down into groups that in general behave similarly. You will have to read up on the different groups, their properties and the way bonding works.

Most metals don't form molecules due to the way they share electrons.
Note the idea of "formula units" instead of "molecules".

As far as I know, metals do not form diatomic bonds. You would just put M(s) + O2 -> ____

## 1. What is an oxide of a metal?

An oxide of a metal is a compound that is formed when a metal reacts with oxygen. It is a type of chemical compound that consists of one or more metal atoms bonded to one or more oxygen atoms.

## 2. How is an oxide of a metal formed?

An oxide of a metal is formed through a process called oxidation, which involves the transfer of electrons from the metal atoms to oxygen atoms. This results in the formation of a stable compound known as an oxide.

## 3. What is the general equation for the formation of an oxide of a metal?

The general equation for the formation of an oxide of a metal is: Metal + Oxygen → Metal Oxide. This equation can vary depending on the specific metal and its oxidation state.

## 4. How does the oxidation state of a metal affect the equation for an oxide?

The oxidation state of a metal affects the equation for an oxide by determining the ratio of metal atoms to oxygen atoms in the compound. For example, if a metal has an oxidation state of +2, then the equation would be: Metal + 2 Oxygen → Metal Oxide.

## 5. Can the equation for an oxide of a metal be balanced?

Yes, the equation for an oxide of a metal can be balanced by ensuring that the number of atoms of each element is the same on both sides of the equation. This is an important step in accurately representing the chemical reaction that occurs during the formation of an oxide of a metal.

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