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Where does the energy come from?

  • Thread starter Omid
  • Start date
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When a helium balloon soars into the sky, it gains KE and gravitational PE. where does that energy come from?
 

cepheid

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Science Advisor
Gold Member
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Best answer I can think of is that the balloon is being acted on by a buoyant force. Helium is less dense than air, and so the average density of the balloon is less than that of air. The balloon therefore "floats" in this sea of air called the atmosphere, and the buoyant force causes it to rise. Any corrections/clarifications?
 

Astronuc

Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
18,547
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The lighter helium is bouyant in the denser air - the bouyant forces cause the helium balloon to rise with some velocity. Kinetic energy is simply 1/2 mv2.

The balloon is rising in the gravitational field, hence the mass of the balloon is gaining potential energy.
 
182
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Thank you very much.
 

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