Why do isolators have a sort of circular spring around?

  1. Can someone Please explain to me how do these isolators works, i mean what about the parts? why does it look like this? and what's the purpose of the spring like thing around the isolators?
     

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  2. jcsd
  3. dlgoff

    dlgoff 3,075
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    You can see how insulators differ here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_insulation

     
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  4. jim hardy

    jim hardy 4,673
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    The individual ceramic disks are umbrella shaped to shed rain. You want at least part of the insulator to stay dry in bad weather.
     
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  5. does the number of ceramic disk in the isolator matter??
     
  6. dlgoff

    dlgoff 3,075
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  7. For these insulator there are two commonly referred to ratings, Creep and Strike.

    Creep is the total distance along the surface of the insulator from one end ( conductor) to the other, Could be ground or energized conductor depending on the application. Creep is a measure of how resistant the insulator will be to contamination ( like salt ) or dust, that can lead to tracking, and ultimately a flash over, or tracking can also permanently damage the surface of the insulator itself. As you can visualize, this multiple mushroom shape, does shed off the water, but dramatically increases the distance on the surface of the insulator.

    Strike - is the distance through the air - from one end ( conductor) to the other. The mushroom skirts could help with this in some cases, but typically the Strike is just the overall length of the insulator portion. ON some bushings ( an insulator that the conductor runs through) - you will often see the bottom skirt a little longer, to help add a few inches of strike distance.
     
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