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Why is beta decay more common

  1. Dec 4, 2005 #1

    pyo

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    Hey i was just wondering if anyone could help me out and shed some light into " why is B^- decay (emission of an electron) far more common among the heavy elements than the B^+ (emission of a positron) or electron capture decays?" Im looking at a plot of Z vs. N for various nuclei and beleive it is the focal point of this question and how the positron of nuclei is moved by each type of decay but i still cannot see why the Beta ^- decay is the far more common type. What am i missing here? thanks!
     
    Last edited: Dec 4, 2005
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 8, 2005 #2

    CarlB

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    Is this homework? We can't solve your homework for you, but I think I can give you two effects to think about.

    The B^- decay must always create an electron and that means that an energy gap that works for electron capture doesn't work for electron emission.

    If the energy released in the decay is less than the mass of an electron, then the B^+ decay can only be an electron capture and not an emission of a positron. That means that the rate will depend on the density of the electron wave functions at the nucleus.

    By the way, this last fact means that the decay rate of some atoms depends on the chemical conditions of the atom. In particular, if you strip off all the electrons, you can suppress electron absorbtion and transform a radioactive atom into a stable one.

    Carl
     
    Last edited: Dec 8, 2005
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