I was learning about beta decay, and how a down quark decays into an up quark by emitting a W- boson which then becomes an electron and an electron antineutrino. I have two main questions - Firstly, how can the down quark be considered a fundamental particle, when it can break down to produce...
##\beta^{+}## decay (a proton decays to a neutron + positron + electron neutrino) is a decay in which mass energy is not conserved.
I've been taught that if that ought to be the case for a decay/reaction, it would be forbidden (please see solution manual below):
But ##\beta^{+}## decay is...
I have plastic which contains large amounts of Co-60 and Cs-137. I have already calculated the integrated (50k years) deposited dose from the gamma radiation using Monte-Carlo methods (SCALE).
I am now interested in the contribution to deposited dose from the Beta emissions.
-I am assuming that...
When we say energy is applied to that field to create an excitation which is a particle, where does that energy come from and how is it applied? For example on beta decay where a new electron is formed, where does the energy come from the create an excitement in the electron field?
I recently read about a beta decay isotope (Rhenium-187),whose half life was changed from 42 X 109 years to 33 years, just by stripping the nucleus of all it's electrons. Why does this allow for a faster decay, and does this apply to all beta decay nuclei, or just Rhenium 187?
I recently started learning about quarks and leptons and was wondering what happens to the fermions (specifically the quarks and leptons) during a beta decay. How is the electron/positron created and what causes the up quarks and down quarks to change flavours?
If this is a bad question please...
1. Homework Statement
The problem states that 24 11Na is radioactive. The question asks if it's a β- or β+ emitter. The 24 is the atomic mass number and the 11 is the atomic number.
2. Homework Equations
I know that in β- decay, the atomic number increases by 1 and it emits an electron and...
Hey everyone,
I've learned about double beta decay and neutrinoless double beta decay recently. So we have two "conditions" for decay, 2v decay and 0v decay. Now, to the question I have:
There have been a lot of experiments measuring 2v decay rates, and there have been many experiments...
Good evening.
I'm currently studing dense matter and nuclear matter above 10^8 g/cm^3, and i know well how to insert a beta equilibirum condition in a free Fermi gás at T=0.
\sqrt{K^2_{F,n}+m^2_n}=\sqrt{K^2_{F,p}+m^2_p}+\sqrt{K^2_{F,e}+m^2_e}
But how do i insert the same condition of...
Hi, I have a question about calculating probabilities in situations where a particle experiences a sudden change in potential, in the case where both potentials are time independent.
For example, a tritium atom undergoing spontaneous beta decay, and turning into a Helium-3 ion. The orbital...
Hi!
I hace been trying to calculate how many energy in form of beta radiation is emitted in one if those "Tritiglows" sold in Amazon. I did the following math (imatge) and got a really high energy. How is that posible? Where did I failed...
QUESTION:
I read in book that in beta + decay proton decays to neutron
But i can't understand how it is possible if proton mass is less than neutron mass.I read on net but it says 'quarks' and 'd u p' things which i dont study about currently.
Also why it only happen inside nucleus?What does...
I know that Q value of a reaction is the difference between total initial mass-energy and total final mass-energy of all the products. Then shouldn't be this also the maximum kinetic energy and hence endpoint energy of an electron in beta decay. But what I have read endpoint energy ##E_0 = Q +...
The question is rather simple, but I cannot seem to find a solid answer. I need the cross section of the following interaction:
e^- + p\rightarrow n+ \nu .
I need the cross section using the form factors. There are many solutions for the interactions like:
n+ \nu\rightarrow e^- + p
or...
Im try to understand this paper
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/vie...
and see if I correctly understand which processes are charge-current processes, and which are charge neutral, as listed in Figure 1. Thanks
I think I got this right, I just want a second opinion to know if my concepts are correct
1. Homework Statement
20Na decays to an excited state of 20Ne through the emission of positrons of maximum kinetic energy 5.55 MeV. The excited state decays by ##\alpha## emission to the ground state of...
1. Homework Statement
What is the kinetic energy given to the proton in the decay of a neutron when:
a) The electron has negligibly small kinetic energy
b) The neutrino has negligibly small kinetic energy
2. Homework Equations
Q = (mn - mp - me - mv ) c2 = .782MeV
Where T is kinetic...
When dealing with a beta ^+ decay in the calculation of the disintegration energy Q, one includes the mass of 2 electrons.
But the output result is 1 electron in the fundamental reaction:
p => n + ( e^+ ) + v
Where the neutron n has a neutral charge and the neutrino v has Z = 0.
So why does...
Are there equations that detail the stability of nuclei against beta decay? On a related point, I'm familiar with the chart that shows all the isotopes and their half-lives (with a good chunk undergoing beta decay), but I was wondering if that can be derived from first principles, just using the...
The mass of a neutron is approximately 1.674927471×10−27 kg, but is this always the case?
For example if a neutron undergoes negative beta decay (i.e. an electron and an electron anti-neutrino is emitted) and then positive beta decay, will this not mean that the final mass of the neutron is now...
The electron created and emitted in the beta decay of a proton has an initial velocity close to the speed of light. When I try to calculate, not taking into account relativity, the force needed to accelerate an electron to that velocity over a distance the size of a proton, I get about 45 N...
Some nuclides undergo decay of electron capture or beta plus.
Can electron beam with appropriate energy accelerate electron capture beta decay?
Same scenario: If I am looking for something, and my friend kindly hands it over to me, then I say thanks, because my seeking time is shorten.
Hello all,
I'm just learning about beta decay and the emission of beta particles. I have come to an understanding that this is ionising radiation because it has the ability to remove electrons and turn the molecules it interacts with into ions. I've looked on the Internet for this information...
I'm learning about beta decay and as I understand in beta decay we get:
neutron → proton + electron
And since all these have spin 1/2 we have that the conservation of angular momentum is not conserved.
The neutrino with spin 1/2 is proposed to also exist in the process to solve this so that...
Could you explain what's the interpretation of a before \gamma^{5} in this current:
J_{\alpha}=\bar{\psi_{e}}\gamma^{\alpha}\left(1-a\gamma^{5}\right)\psi_{\nu_{e}} +\bar{\psi_{\mu}}\gamma^{\alpha}\left(1-a\gamma^{5}\right)\psi_{\nu_{\mu}}?
And will this factor complicate calculations of decay...
Both ##^{87}_{37}Rb## and ##^{87}_{38}Sr## are odd-even nuclei, so we can ignore the pairing term ##\delta##. I tried to calculate the most stable Z for a given A by finding ##\frac{\partial B}{\partial Z} = 0##. That gives the most Z-stable value of ##Z_0 = \frac{2\gamma A}{4\gamma + \epsilon...
We consider the following beta decay:
^A_ZX \rightarrow ^A_{Z+1} Y + e^{-} + \nu_e
The Fermi golden rule is given by:
\Gamma = \frac{2\pi}{\hbar} |A_{fi}|^2 \frac{dN}{dE_f}
Reaction amplitude is given by ##A_{fi} = G_F M_{nucl} ## while density of states is given by ##dN = \frac{4 \pi...
The reaction p→n+e++νe is common inside nucleus.
But it not considered when we talk about free particle and reason is simply given mass of products being larger than reactants.
Now my question is if there is a high energy proton having total energy in order of 2 GeV or let it to be 100 GeV (To...