electrostatic field Definition and Topics - 13 Discussions

An electric field (sometimes E-field) is the physical field that surrounds electrically-charged particles and exerts force on all other charged particles in the field, either attracting or repelling them. It also refers to the physical field for a system of charged particles. Electric fields originate from electric charges, or from time-varying magnetic fields. Electric fields and magnetic fields are both manifestations of the electromagnetic force, one of the four fundamental forces (or interactions) of nature.
Electric fields are important in many areas of physics, and are exploited practically in electrical technology. In atomic physics and chemistry, for instance, the electric field is the attractive force holding the atomic nucleus and electrons together in atoms. It is also the force responsible for chemical bonding between atoms that result in molecules.
Other applications of electric fields include motion detection via electric field proximity sensing and an increasing number of diagnostic and therapeutic medical uses.
The electric field is defined mathematically as a vector field that associates to each point in space the (electrostatic or Coulomb) force per unit of charge exerted on an infinitesimal positive test charge at rest at that point. The derived SI units for the electric field are volts per meter (V/m), exactly equivalent to newtons per coulomb (N/C).

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  1. V

    Magnitude of electric field E on a concentric spherical shell

    The only explanation that I have seen in textbooks is that since the outer spherical shell is symmetrical relative to internal charged spherical shell so field every where on the outer shell is same in magnitude at every point on it. I can understand that electric field needs to be...
  2. C

    Floating potential of a conductor in an electrical field

    I'm interested in the following general question: Assume x,y,z is an axes system, and that the y-z plane is occupied by a conductive plate at a known potential V with respect to the earth. Now, a conductive material M of neutral global electrical charge is placed at some distance of the plate...
  3. Q

    Cylindrical Coordinates: Line Integral Of Electrostatic Field

    Homework Statement An electrostatic field ## \mathbf{E}## in a particular region is expressed in cylindrical coordinates ## ( r, \theta, z)## as $$ \mathbf{E} = \frac{\sin{\theta}}{r^{2}} \mathbf{e}_{r} - \frac{\cos{\theta}}{r^{2}} \mathbf{e}_{\theta} $$ Where ##\mathbf{e}_{r}##...
  4. Sunanda

    Electric Potential due to a single point charge

    Please refer to the image attached. So, my doubt is: While calculating dW in the derivation, we know this work is being done by external force, because only then the unit positive charge can be made to move towards the charge +Q. So dW should be equal to Fext.dx but here in the book it is shown...
  5. Nabin kalauni

    Electric field and potential

    I understand that if electric field at any point is 0, it implies that potential is constant not necessarily 0. But what if the potential at a point is 0? Does it imply that electric field is 0? Me and my friend had an argument and I am in the favour of electric field not being 0. Do I win guys...
  6. Curieuse

    Potential Energy for dipole in Electric Field

    Homework Statement To derive Potential Energy for dipole p in Electric Field E. 2. Homework Equations Potential Energy is the work done by the external agent in turning the angle of the dipole from the U=0 position to another position against the influence of the electric field applied...
  7. Robsta

    Investigating the water-ice electret

    Hello all, I'm going to investigate the properties water when frozen in a strong electric field for a product I'm designing. A strong field will align the polar water molecules, and then they will freeze. I'm planning to create this strong field with a car battery attached to two parallel...
  8. S

    Calculating the time to reach a potential difference

    Homework Statement Q: Two conducting balls of radius 0.1 m are situated 3m apart in free space. Electrons are transferred from one ball to another at a rate of 10^13 per second. How long does it take for a p.d of 100 kv to develop? Homework Equations where ε0 is the electric constant...
  9. D

    Principle behind electrostatic shielding?

    if we have a solid conducting sphere with charges around it, then the elctric field inside the sphere is zero otherwise the electrons of the sphere would not be in equilibrium as there would be a net force acting on it. however if its a hollow sphere then why does the electric field inside the...
  10. P

    Distribution of charge in hydrogen atom

    Suppose the hydrogen atom consists of a positive point charge (+e), located in the center of the atom, which is surrounded by a negative charge (-e), distributed in the space around it. The space distribution of the negative charge changes according to the law p=Ce^(−2r/R), where C is a...
  11. P

    Calculating electrostatic potential energy

    Homework Statement Consider potential field V(ρ, φ, z) = V_0/ρ in free space and cylindrical coordinates. Calculate electrostatic potential energy stored in half cylindrical shell defined by a≤ρ≤b, 0≤φ≤π and 0≤z≤h. Homework Equations W_E=½∫∫∫ρ_vVdV The Attempt at a Solution I have no idea...
  12. saba.shahin95

    Find net electric field in a wire?

    After solving this problem I ended up with--(2a is the length of the wire)(integral limit is from -a to +a) (x is the ⊥ distance from centre of the wire to a point P where we have to find the net field ) E[SUBx]= (1/4Πε)*(Q/2a)∫x.dy/(x^2+y^2)^3/2 P.S- sorry, I'm not able to upload the image of...
  13. G

    Electrostatics:Longitudinal charge density of conductors

    Homework Statement Three very long (theoretically infinite long) hollow cylindrical conductors, with radius a,b,c (c>b>a) are in vacuum. Inner and central conductor are charged, and outer conductor is grounded. Potentials of inner and central conductors with reference point relative to outer...