# Can Old Handouts Effectively Prepare You for Physics Tests?

• blaziken's_charizard
In summary, the conversation is about a person who is studying for a test and found an old handout with questions and answers. The questions cover topics such as stopping distance, atmospheric pressure, forces, kinetic and potential energy, and the relationships between volume, pressure, and temperature of gases. The conversation also mentions the kinetic theory, heat transfer, and the Geiger-Marsden experiment, which established the existence of a positively charged nucleus in an atom. The conversation ends with a discussion on the half-life of radioactive substances and the different types of radiation.
blaziken's_charizard
1. I have to study for a test. To prepare to study, I decided to look around in my bookshelf for textbooks and to my surprise, found an old handout. I've typed out the questions and my response (answer) to those questions as itactalized. Please feel free to correct/help me :)

PS: Ignore grammatical erros as I've typed it out in a hurry after finding it.

2. The attempt at a solution:

SECTION A- Please tell me which is corect/incorrect and please sugest/help me to correct my wrongs.
1. A car is traveling on a level road. The driver has to stop quickly. Which of the following has the greatest effect on the stopping distance
a. The kinetic energy of the car
b. The potential energy of the car
c. The straightness of the road
d. How far the driver can see

2. Which of the following depends on the atmosphere exerting a pressure
a. A ball falling from the ground
b. Drinking through a straw
c. The spray from a can of cola
d. Bath water emptying down a plug hole

3. A ball attached to a string is whirled round at a constant speed in a horizontal circle. Is it true to say that
a. The velocity is constant
b. They are no forces acting on the body
c. The motion is accelerated
d. If the string breaks the ball drops vertically downwards

4. If an object has kinetic energy, then it must also have
a. Acceleration
b. Force
c. Momentum
d. None of the above

5. Two forces of magnitude 8N and 6N act on the same body at right angles to each other. The magnitude of the resultant of the force is
a. 7N
b. 10N
c. 14N
d. 48N

6. A wire is stretched by a load to a point beyond its elastic limit. It follows that
a. The wire will break if the load is increased any further
b. If the load is removed the wire will resume its original length
c. The extension will no longer be proportional to the load
d. The wire cannot be extended any further if the load is increased

7. A rock of mass 2kg falls 125m form a cliff top into the sea. Its momentum just before it hits the water is
a. 20 kg m/s
b. 50 kg m/sc. 100 kg m/s
d. 200 kg m/s

8. As a brick falls to the ground, it
a. Loses potential energy and gains kinetic energy
b. Loses kinetic energy and gains potential energy
c. Gains both kinetic and potential energy
d. Loses both kinetic and potential energy

9. A mass M moving in a straight line with velocity v1 collides with a stationary mass m, and sticks to it. They continue to move in the same straight line with velocity v2. The equation from which the correct value of v2 may be obtained is
a. Mv1 = mv2
b. Mv1 = (M+m)v2
c. ½ Mv12 = ½ mv22
d. ½ MV12 = 1/2mv22

10. A small marble of mass 10g is dropped form a height above a floor. After striking the floor, the marble rebounds to a height of 1m above the floor. The kinetic energy of the marble just after striking the floor is
a. 0.02J
b. 0.1J
c. 0.2J
d. 20J

11. An electric drill fitted with a blunt bit is used in an unsuccessful attempt to drill a hole through a steel plate. The energy changes involved are best summarized by
a. electrical  kinetic  heat/internal energy
b. electrical  heat/internal  potential
c. kinetic  electrical  potential
d. kinetic  potential  heat internal

12. The relationship between the volume and the pressure of a fixed mass of gas at constant temperature is called
a. The kinetic theory
b. Boyle’s Law
c. Charles’ Law
d. Pressure Law

13. Which of the following statements about temperature is not true
a. It represents the amount of heat contained in a body
b. It is a measure of the degree of hotness or coldness in a body
c. It is a property which determines the direction of heat flow in a body
d. It measure the average kinetic energy of the particles of which matter is composed

14. Which of the following scientists provided quantitative evidence for the law of conservation of energy
a. Einstein
b. Joule
c. Newton
d. Rumford

15. A detector of thermal energy is placed an equal distance in turn form each of the four faces of a hollow metal cube full of water. the reading on the detector is the greatest when the detector is turned to the face which is
a. painted silver
b. painted shiny white
c. painted dull black
d. highly polished

16. When illuminated smoke is viewed through a microscope, small bright specs can be seen moving in a jerky haphazard manner. These specks are
a. atoms
b. molecules
c. smoke particles
d. light particles

17. Which of the following is not implied by the kinetic theory?
a. The internal energy of a gas depends only on the gas temperature
b. The pressure of a gas is caused by the gas molecules bombarding the containing surfaces
c. The volume of the particles is negligible
d. They are strong intermolecular forces between two molecules in a gas

18. According the kinetic theory, what is the pressure of an ideal gas at absolute zero
a. 1atm
b. 760mmHg
c. 101.3 kPa
d. 0 mmHg

19. Heat is transferred from the sun by
a. Conduction
b. Convection
d. All of the above

20. A 0.460Kilowatt water heater is used to boil water. Assuming no thermal energy loss, what mass of steam will it produce in 10minutes. The Specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2300000J/kg
a. 105800000000J
b. 6348000000000J I THINK THIS WAS AN ERROR, A ‘0’ IS SUPPOSED TO BE REMOVED?
c. 6348000000J
d. 105800000J

21. Geiger and Marsden were student of who?
a. Thompson
b. Rutherford
c. Bohr
d. Dalton

22. Which of the following would be true of the Geiger Marsden experiment – (I) it established that an atom has a positively charged nucleus, (II) it demonstrated that alpha particles are positively charged, (III) it shows that alpha particles were never deflected
a. I only
b. I and II only
c. II and III only
d. I II and III

23. Which of the following statements about eh expression E = mc2 is true? (I) it defines the maximum energy light can have, (II) it represents the fact that mass can be converted into energy, (III) it represents one of the major achievements of Rutherford
a. II only
b. I and II only
c. II and III only
d. I, II and III

24. Which of the following may be used to define the term half-life. (I) it is half the time required by a nucleus to decay, (II) it is the time for half the nuclei of a sample to decay, (III)it is the time for an activity of any random process to fall to one half its original value>.
a. I only
b. I and II only
c. II and III only
d. I, II and III only

25. Which of the three types of radiation carry’s an electric charge
a. alpha and gamma
b. Beta
c. Alpha and beta
d. Beta and gamma

26. An alpha particle is
a. A proton
b. A helium atom
c. A helium nucleus
d. An electron

27. Which of the following uses radioactive cobalt – 60
a. Tracers
c. Carbon Dating
d. The Dating of Rocks

28. Which of the following isotopes of Carbon is used in Carbon dating
a. 147C
b. 146C
d. 127C

29. Which of the following contributes the most to Background radiation
a. Radon gas from ground COMPLETE GUESS, NOT SURE
b. Buildings
c. X-Rays
d. Nuclear Waste

30. Which of the following is the most dangerous to living organisms
a. alpha
b. beta
c. gamma
d. they are all equally dangerous

SECTION B- please tell me if I'm correct/incorrect and also feel free to help/suggest for my wrongs.
1. In a vacuum, a feather will not fall at the same rate as a stone FALSE
2. Free Fall and The Pendulum Swing are not the only methods that can be used to determine the value of gravity..FALSE
3. The equation s = ½ (v + u)t is not an accurate equationTRUE
4. If a body is project horizontally off of a cliff the horizontal distance is equal to the distance it would have traveled if on a straight planeFALSE, NOT SURE
5. The equation E=mc2 invalidates the law of conservation of massFALSE
6. A stiletto heel shoe will cause more damage to a polished floor than a flat heelTRUE? NOT SURE, LOL.
7. The potential energy and 1/3 height is equal to the kinetic energy at 4/6 heightFALSE..EH?
8. The mercury in glass thermometer can be used to measure bother very high and low temperaturesFALSE..NOT SURE
9. The Higher the specific heat capacity of a substance, the longer it will take to change its temperatureTRUE...EH?
10. Both evaporation and boiling of a liquid involves a change in temperatureFALSE

Even though I might not have said that I am not sure, please tell me which questions are correct/incorrect. Thanks alot

Last edited:
1 - 10

blaziken's_charizard said:
1. A car is traveling on a level road. The driver has to stop quickly. Which of the following has the greatest effect on the stopping distance
a. The kinetic energy of the car
b. The potential energy of the car
c. The straightness of the road
d. How far the driver can see
OK.

2. Which of the following depends on the atmosphere exerting a pressure
a. A ball falling from the ground
b. Drinking through a straw
c. The spray from a can of cola
d. Bath water emptying down a plug hole
No. I assume that should read "A ball falling to the ground". In any case, would a ball fall on the Moon?

3. A ball attached to a string is whirled round at a constant speed in a horizontal circle. Is it true to say that
a. The velocity is constant
b. They are no forces acting on the body
c. The motion is accelerated
d. If the string breaks the ball drops vertically downwards
No. How does velocity differ from speed?

4. If an object has kinetic energy, then it must also have
a. Acceleration
b. Force
c. Momentum
d. None of the above
OK

5. Two forces of magnitude 8N and 6N act on the same body at right angles to each other. The magnitude of the resultant of the force is
a. 7N
b. 10N
c. 14N
d. 48N
No. How did you calculate this?

6. A wire is stretched by a load to a point beyond its elastic limit. It follows that
a. The wire will break if the load is increased any further
b. If the load is removed the wire will resume its original length
c. The extension will no longer be proportional to the load
d. The wire cannot be extended any further if the load is increased
OK

7. A rock of mass 2kg falls 125m form a cliff top into the sea. Its momentum just before it hits the water is
a. 20 kg m/s
b. 50 kg m/s
c. 100 kg m/s
d. 200 kg m/s
No. What's the speed?

8. As a brick falls to the ground, it
a. Loses potential energy and gains kinetic energy
b. Loses kinetic energy and gains potential energy
c. Gains both kinetic and potential energy
d. Loses both kinetic and potential energy
Good

9. A mass M moving in a straight line with velocity v1 collides with a stationary mass m, and sticks to it. They continue to move in the same straight line with velocity v2. The equation from which the correct value of v2 may be obtained is
a. Mv1 = mv2
b. Mv1 = (M+m)v2
c. ½ Mv12 = ½ mv22
d. ½ MV12 = 1/2mv22
Good

10. A small marble of mass 10g is dropped form a height above a floor. After striking the floor, the marble rebounds to a height of 1m above the floor. The kinetic energy of the marble just after striking the floor is
a. 0.02J
b. 0.1J
c. 0.2J
d. 20J
No. Hint: Consider potential energy.

11 - 20

blaziken's_charizard said:
11. An electric drill fitted with a blunt bit is used in an unsuccessful attempt to drill a hole through a steel plate. The energy changes involved are best summarized by
a. electrical  kinetic  heat/internal energy
b. electrical  heat/internal  potential
c. kinetic  electrical  potential
d. kinetic  potential  heat internal
OK

12. The relationship between the volume and the pressure of a fixed mass of gas at constant temperature is called
a. The kinetic theory
b. Boyle’s Law
c. Charles’ Law
d. Pressure Law
OK

13. Which of the following statements about temperature is not true
a. It represents the amount of heat contained in a body
b. It is a measure of the degree of hotness or coldness in a body
c. It is a property which determines the direction of heat flow in a body
d. It measure the average kinetic energy of the particles of which matter is composed
No. Note it asks for what is not true.

14. Which of the following scientists provided quantitative evidence for the law of conservation of energy
a. Einstein
b. Joule
c. Newton
d. Rumford
No. Consider the standard unit of energy!

15. A detector of thermal energy is placed an equal distance in turn form each of the four faces of a hollow metal cube full of water. the reading on the detector is the greatest when the detector is turned to the face which is
a. painted silver
b. painted shiny white
c. painted dull black
d. highly polished
OK

16. When illuminated smoke is viewed through a microscope, small bright specs can be seen moving in a jerky haphazard manner. These specks are
a. atoms
b. molecules
c. smoke particles
d. light particles
OK

17. Which of the following is not implied by the kinetic theory?
a. The internal energy of a gas depends only on the gas temperature
b. The pressure of a gas is caused by the gas molecules bombarding the containing surfaces
c. The volume of the particles is negligible
d. They are strong intermolecular forces between two molecules in a gas
OK

18. According the kinetic theory, what is the pressure of an ideal gas at absolute zero
a. 1atm
b. 760mmHg
c. 101.3 kPa
d. 0 mmHg
OK

19. Heat is transferred from the sun by
a. Conduction
b. Convection
d. All of the above
OK

20. A 0.460Kilowatt water heater is used to boil water. Assuming no thermal energy loss, what mass of steam will it produce in 10minutes. The Specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2300000J/kg
a. 105800000000J
b. 6348000000000J I THINK THIS WAS AN ERROR, A ‘0’ IS SUPPOSED TO BE REMOVED?
c. 6348000000J
d. 105800000J
? These answers are Joules, not mass.

Corrections:

1)The spray from a can of soda.

2)There are no forces acting on it.

3)10 N. I realized my mistake, careless one by the way!

4)7. A rock of mass 2kg falls 125m form a cliff top into the sea. Its momentum just before it hits the water is
a. 20 kg m/s
b. 50 kg m/s
c. 100 kg m/s
d. 200 kg m/s

I still am getting 50 kg m/s... I used s=ut + 1/2at^2 where:
s=125 m
u=0
t=?
a=10
t^2=?

I think I did the equation wrong :(

5) 10. A small marble of mass 10g is dropped form a height above a floor. After striking the floor, the marble rebounds to a height of 1m above the floor. The kinetic energy of the marble just after striking the floor is
a. 0.02J
b. 0.1J
c. 0.2J
d. 20J

Still don't know what to do :(

6)Joule

7)The amount of heat in the body? Still skeptical.

8)20. A 0.460Kilowatt water heater is used to boil water. Assuming no thermal energy loss, what mass of steam will it produce in 10minutes. The Specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2300000J/kg
a. 105800000000J
b. 6348000000000J I THINK THIS WAS AN ERROR, A ‘0’ IS SUPPOSED TO BE REMOVED?
c. 6348000000J
d. 105800000J

The answers are indeed not in mass, but I figured it was a typo and it was supposed to be the energy? I don't know...

blaziken's_charizard said:
21. Geiger and Marsden were student of who?
a. Thompson
b. Rutherford
c. Bohr
d. Dalton
OK

22. Which of the following would be true of the Geiger Marsden experiment – (I) it established that an atom has a positively charged nucleus, (II) it demonstrated that alpha particles are positively charged, (III) it shows that alpha particles were never deflected
a. I only
b. I and II only
c. II and III only
d. I II and III
OK

23. Which of the following statements about eh expression E = mc2 is true? (I) it defines the maximum energy light can have, (II) it represents the fact that mass can be converted into energy, (III) it represents one of the major achievements of Rutherford
a. II only
b. I and II only
c. II and III only
d. I, II and III
No. What determines the energy of light?

24. Which of the following may be used to define the term half-life. (I) it is half the time required by a nucleus to decay, (II) it is the time for half the nuclei of a sample to decay, (III)it is the time for an activity of any random process to fall to one half its original value>.
a. I only
b. I and II only
c. II and III only
d. I, II and III only
No. A particular nucleus doesn't have a set time to decay.

25. Which of the three types of radiation carry’s an electric charge
a. alpha and gamma
b. Beta
c. Alpha and beta
d. Beta and gamma
OK

26. An alpha particle is
a. A proton
b. A helium atom
c. A helium nucleus
d. An electron
OK

27. Which of the following uses radioactive cobalt – 60
a. Tracers
c. Carbon Dating
d. The Dating of Rocks
No. Look up the uses of cobalt 60.

28. Which of the following isotopes of Carbon is used in Carbon dating
a. 147C
b. 146C
d. 127C
? I don't understand these answers. Carbon dating uses Carbon 14.

29. Which of the following contributes the most to Background radiation
a. Radon gas from ground COMPLETE GUESS, NOT SURE
b. Buildings
c. X-Rays
d. Nuclear Waste
Hmmm... good question. Of the choices given, I would pick buildings. But you better look it up.

30. Which of the following is the most dangerous to living organisms
a. alpha
b. beta
c. gamma
d. they are all equally dangerous
Sounds right. Gamma radiation penetrates, but alpha particles would not be good if you eat a source of them.

Don't change the question numbers!

blaziken's_charizard said:
Corrections:

1)The spray from a can of soda.

2)There are no forces acting on it.
Both incorrect.

3)10 N. I realized my mistake, careless one by the way!
OK.

4)7. A rock of mass 2kg falls 125m form a cliff top into the sea. Its momentum just before it hits the water is
a. 20 kg m/s
b. 50 kg m/s
c. 100 kg m/s
d. 200 kg m/s

I still am getting 50 kg m/s... I used s=ut + 1/2at^2 where:
s=125 m
u=0
t=?
a=10
t^2=?

I think I did the equation wrong :(
You'll need another kinematic equation. Look them up!

5) 10. A small marble of mass 10g is dropped form a height above a floor. After striking the floor, the marble rebounds to a height of 1m above the floor. The kinetic energy of the marble just after striking the floor is
a. 0.02J
b. 0.1J
c. 0.2J
d. 20J

Still don't know what to do :(
Several ways to go: (1) Use kinematics to find the initial speed of the marble as it leaves the floor, or (2) Consider the energy it has when it leaves the floor.

6)Joule
Of course!

7)The amount of heat in the body? Still skeptical.
Consider a 1 gram object and a 1 kilogram object at the same temp--do they have the same "heat" (internal energy)?

8)20. A 0.460Kilowatt water heater is used to boil water. Assuming no thermal energy loss, what mass of steam will it produce in 10minutes. The Specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2300000J/kg
a. 105800000000J
b. 6348000000000J I THINK THIS WAS AN ERROR, A ‘0’ IS SUPPOSED TO BE REMOVED?
c. 6348000000J
d. 105800000J

The answers are indeed not in mass, but I figured it was a typo and it was supposed to be the energy? I don't know...
Beats me what they want here.

1. In a vacuum, a feather will not fall at the same rate as a stone FALSE
2. Free Fall and The Pendulum Swing are not the only methods that can be used to determine the value of gravity.. FALSE
3. The equation s = ½ (v + u)t is not an accurate equation TRUE
4. If a body is project horizontally off of a cliff the horizontal distance is equal to the distance it would have traveled if on a straight plane FALSE, NOT SURE
5. The equation E=mc2 invalidates the law of conservation of mass FALSE
6. A stiletto heel shoe will cause more damage to a polished floor than a flat heel TRUE? NOT SURE, LOL.
7. The potential energy and 1/3 height is equal to the kinetic energy at 4/6 height FALSE..EH?
8. The mercury in glass thermometer can be used to measure bother very high and low temperatures FALSE..NOT SURE
9. The Higher the specific heat capacity of a substance, the longer it will take to change its temperature TRUE...EH?
10. Both evaporation and boiling of a liquid involves a change in temperature FALSE

blaziken's_charizard said:
1. In a vacuum, a feather will not fall at the same rate as a stone FALSE
OK
2. Free Fall and The Pendulum Swing are not the only methods that can be used to determine the value of gravity.. FALSE
What about Galileo and his inclined planes?
3. The equation s = ½ (v + u)t is not an accurate equation TRUE
Accurate for what purpose? For uniformly accelerated motion, that equation works just fine. (Assuming u and v are the initial and final speeds over the interval t.)
4. If a body is project horizontally off of a cliff the horizontal distance is equal to the distance it would have traveled if on a straight plane FALSE, NOT SURE
An unclear question. Whether projected off a cliff or sent along a frictionless surface, the same horizontal distance will be covered in the same time.
5. The equation E=mc2 invalidates the law of conservation of mass FALSE
Another poorly worded question. Well... if mass can be "converted" to energy, how can mass be always conserved?
6. A stiletto heel shoe will cause more damage to a polished floor than a flat heel TRUE? NOT SURE, LOL.
OK, due to the much greater pressure it exerts.
7. The potential energy and 1/3 height is equal to the kinetic energy at 4/6 height FALSE..EH?
Huh? Are they asking about the PE and KE of a falling object? If so, the total energy is mgh. At 1/3h, the PE is mgh/3; at 2/3h, the PE is 2/3mgh, so what's the KE?
8. The mercury in glass thermometer can be used to measure bother very high and low temperatures FALSE..NOT SURE
OK
9. The Higher the specific heat capacity of a substance, the longer it will take to change its temperature TRUE...EH?
OK
10. Both evaporation and boiling of a liquid involves a change in temperature FALSE
OK

So here are the final answers after considering what you've helped me with. I still haven't figured out some [the unanswered ones].

1. A car is traveling on a level road. The driver has to stop quickly. Which of the following has the greatest effect on the stopping distance

a. The kinetic energy of the car

b. The potential energy of the car

c. The straightness of the road

d. How far the driver can see

2. Which of the following depends on the atmosphere exerting a pressure

a. A ball falling from the ground

b. Drinking through a straw

c. The spray from a can of cola

d. Bath water emptying down a plug hole

3. A ball attached to a string is whirled round at a constant speed in a horizontal circle. Is it true to say that

a. The velocity is constant

b. They are no forces acting on the body

c. The motion is accelerated

d. If the string breaks the ball drops vertically downwards

4. If an object has kinetic energy, then it must also have

a. Acceleration

b. Force

c. Momentum

d. None of the above

5. Two forces of magnitude 8N and 6N act on the same body at right angles to each other. The magnitude of the resultant of the force is

a. 7N

b. 10N

c. 14N

d. 48N

6. A wire is stretched by a load to a point beyond its elastic limit. It follows that

a. The wire will break if the load is increased any further

b. If the load is removed the wire will resume its original length

c. The extension will no longer be proportional to the load

d. The wire cannot be extended any further if the load is increased

7. A rock of mass 2kg falls 125m form a cliff top into the sea. Its momentum just before it hits the water is

a. 20 kg m/s

b. 50 kg m/s

c. 100 kg m/s

d. 200 kg m/s

8. As a brick falls to the ground, it

a. Loses potential energy and gains kinetic energy

b. Loses kinetic energy and gains potential energy

c. Gains both kinetic and potential energy

d. Loses both kinetic and potential energy

9. A mass M moving in a straight line with velocity v1 collides with a stationary mass m, and sticks to it. They continue to move in the same straight line with velocity v2. The equation from which the correct value of v2 may be obtained is

a. Mv1 = mv2

b. Mv1 = (M+m)v2

c. ½ Mv12 = ½ mv22

d. ½ MV12 = 1/2mv22

10. A small marble of mass 10g is dropped form a height above a floor. After striking the floor, the marble rebounds to a height of 1m above the floor. The kinetic energy of the marble just after striking the floor is

a. 0.02J

b. 0.1J

c. 0.2J

d. 20J

11. An electric drill fitted with a blunt bit is used in an unsuccessful attempt to drill a hole through a steel plate. The energy changes involved are best summarized by

a. electrical > kinetic > heat/internal energy

b. electrical > heat/internal > potential

c. kinetic > electrical > potential

d. kinetic > potential > heat internal

12. The relationship between the volume and the pressure of a fixed mass of gas at constant temperature is called

a. The kinetic theory

b. Boyle’s Law

c. Charles’ Law

d. Pressure Law

13. Which of the following statements about temperature is not true

a. It represents the amount of heat contained in a body

b. It is a measure of the degree of hotness or coldness in a body

c. It is a property which determines the direction of heat flow in a body

d. It measure the average kinetic energy of the particles of which matter is composed

14. Which of the following scientists provided quantitative evidence for the law of conservation of energy

a. Einstein

b. Joule

c. Newton

d. Rumford

15. A detector of thermal energy is placed an equal distance in turn form each of the four faces of a hollow metal cube full of water. the reading on the detector is the greatest when the detector is turned to the face which is

a. painted silver

b. painted shiny white

c. painted dull black

d. highly polished

16. When illuminated smoke is viewed through a microscope, small bright specs can be seen moving in a jerky haphazard manner. These specks are

a. atoms

b. molecules

c. smoke particles

d. light particles

17. Which of the following is not implied by the kinetic theory?

a. The internal energy of a gas depends only on the gas temperature

b. The pressure of a gas is caused by the gas molecules bombarding the containing surfaces

c. The volume of the particles is negligible

d. They are strong intermolecular forces between two molecules in a gas

18. According the kinetic theory, what is the pressure of an ideal gas at absolute zero

a. 1atm

b. 760mmHg

c. 101.3 kPa

d. 0 mmHg

19. Heat is transferred from the sun by

a. Conduction

b. Convection

d. All of the above

20. A 0.460Kilowatt water heater is used to boil water. Assuming no thermal energy loss, what mass of steam will it produce in 10minutes. The Specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2300000J/kg

a. 105800000000J

b. 6348000000000J

c. 6348000000J

d. 105800000J

21. Geiger and Marsden were student of who?

a. Thompson

b. Rutherford

c. Bohr

d. Dalton

22. Which of the following would be true of the Geiger Marsden experiment – (I) it established that an atom has a positively charged nucleus, (II) it demonstrated that alpha particles are positively charged, (III) it shows that alpha particles were never deflected

a. I only

b. I and II only

c. II and III only

d. I II and III

23. Which of the following statements about eh expression E = mc2 is true? (I) it defines the maximum energy light can have, (II) it represents the fact that mass can be converted into energy, (III) it represents one of the major achievements of Rutherford

a. II only

b. I and II only

c. II and III only

d. I, II and III

24. Which of the following may be used to define the term half-life. (I) it is half the time required by a nucleus to decay, (II) it is the time for half the nuclei of a sample to decay, (III)it is the time for an activity of any random process to fall to one half its original value>.

a. I only

b. I and II only

c. II and III only

d. I, II and III only

25. Which of the three types of radiation carry’s an electric charge

a. alpha and gamma

b. Beta

c. Alpha and beta

d. Beta and gamma

26. An alpha particle is

a. A proton

b. A helium atom

c. A helium nucleus

d. An electron

27. Which of the following uses radioactive cobalt – 60

a. Tracers

c. Carbon Dating

d. The Dating of Rocks

28. Which of the following isotopes of Carbon is used in Carbon dating

a. 147C

b. 146C

c. 126C

d. 127C

29. Which of the following contributes the most to Background radiation

b. Buildings

c. X-Rays

d. Nuclear Waste

30. Which of the following is the most dangerous to living organisms

a. alpha

b. beta

c. gamma

d. they are all equally dangerous

SECTION B- TRUE OR FALSE
1. In a vacuum, a feather will not fall at the same rate as a stone FALSE
2. Free Fall and The Pendulum Swing are not the only methods that can be used to determine the value of gravity..TRUE
3. The equation s = ½ (v + u)t is not an accurate equation TRUE
4. If a body is project horizontally off of a cliff the horizontal distance is equal to the distance it would have traveled if on a straight plane TRUE
5. The equation E=mc2 invalidates the law of conservation of mass TRUE
6. A stiletto heel shoe will cause more damage to a polished floor than a flat heel TRUE
7. The potential energy and 1/3 height is equal to the kinetic energy at 4/6 height I STILL DON’T GET IT :(
8. The mercury in glass thermometer can be used to measure bother very high and low temperatures FALSE
9. The Higher the specific heat capacity of a substance, the longer it will take to change its temperature TRUE
10. Both evaporation and boiling of a liquid involves a change in temperature FALSE

Yes, it's radon gas. I looked it up. Also, Carbon 14 is also known as 146C, so I got that one too. I need help with the others... I don't know if all the answers above are correct, but you can feel free to crrect me. As for my unanswered questions, below are my views on them:

Q2. You said (a) and (c) are incorrect. So I’m going to go with:
a. Drinking through a straw –because I think I remember learning about something around the likes of that…

Q3. You said (a) and (b) are incorrect. I still am unsure of which is the correct answer… I am going to go with:
b. The motion is accelerated- because velocity is a vector with both magnitude and direction and since the ball IS changing direction (it’s being spun circularly) then I’d say the velocity is changing thus there is a rate of change of velocity?

Q7. So I found the other kinematics equation: v^2=u^2+2as
v^2=0^2+2(10)(125)
v^2=0+2500
v^2=2500
v=sqrt of 2500
v=50m/s

Momentum= mv = 2kg * 50 m/s = 100 kg/m/s

Q10. I haven’t a clue about what to do with that marble question.

TRUE OR FALSE:
Q3. I don’t know if that equation is correct. But is there such an equation as in a standard equation not a transposed one?

Q4. I don’t know if the distances would be the same…

Q7. I don’t know a thing about that PE and KE thing. Can you please explain a bit more?

I appreciate it!

Q2: would a ball fall to the ground on the moon (no atmosphere)? If, by some weird chance, you think the ball needs to wear heavy boots (LOL), search for moon,falcon,feather,hammer to see a video of a feather and hammer falling simultaneously on the surface of the moon. And, guess what would happen if they opened a can of soda on the moon :) It'd probably fiz like mad! If the pressure was high enough (surface of Jupiter), it'd probably not fizz at all, provided you could get the can there before it froze) But, yes, (c) is correct. How does the liquid go up the straw? Higher pressure to lower pressure (the atmosphere provides the higher pressure.) i.e. vacuum cleaners don't "suck" - they create a lower pressure inside and the outside air pushes.

You are correct about (3): if the direction changes, then there *is* a change in velocity (since velocity is a vector). There isn't a change in the speed (which is just the magnitude of velocity.)

Q10: also explains why you had trouble with Q7 of T/F
Energy is conserved. As objects fall, potential energy changes to kinetic energy, and vice versa for an object thrown (or shot, or whatever). So, when I fire a gun upward, the initial kinetic energy of the bullet as it leaves will be equal to the potential energy when it reaches its maximum altitude: this is ignoring air resistance. If we consider air resistance, then the friction of the bullet with the air is going to cause heat. The air and the bullet will heat up (slightly) - so now, the total kinetic energy = the potential energy plus the amount of energy that went into heat. (And, if you ask the question that the person looking over my shoulder asked: "I thought the bullet would be hot when it left the gun." Okay, then, the kinetic energy + heat energy of the bullet leaving = the potential energy + heat energy gained +heat energy remaining in the bullet.

Anyway, for question 10, however much potential energy it has when it reaches its highest point will be equal (approximately) to the kinetic energy it had just as it left the ground (and equal to the kinetic energy it will have again when it's just about to hit the ground again.) Upon impact each impact, some of that kinetic energy is converted to heat, thus it won't bounce up as high. That's why it's physically impossible to drop a ball and have it rebound higher (provided there are no tricks involved, such as other ways to store energy which will later be converted to KE)

Question 4 of the T/F could have been worded better... But, if I shoot a ball 60mph horizontally off the top of a cliff, and simultaneously, a car starts driving 60mph horizontally from the base of the cliff, then the ball will be exactly above the car the entire time. (Ignoring air resistance.)
If a plane drops a bomb, and the plane continues flying in a straight line without accelerating, then when the bomb its the ground, it will still be exactly below the plane (ignoring air resistance again.) A bomb doesn't fall "backwards" with respect to the plane. I'll find a video for you...
http://www.wrightwood.com/archive_film.htm look at A123-031 part way down that page; any relative backwards motion to the bombs is due to air resistance. Remember, these things are moving FAST

And, for the last question you had trouble with:
PE = mgh. So, at 1/10 the height, it'll have 1/10 the potential energy
at 2/3 the height, it'll have 2/3 the original potential energy.
at 15/27ths of the original height, it'll have 15/27ths of the original potential energy. Where does that potential energy go? (Assuming no air resistance, thus no heat), it's converted to KE. Thus, at 15/27ths the original height, 12/27'ths of the PE is lost. Where'd it go? It's now KE. The KE is now equal to 12/27ths of the original PE.

Last edited by a moderator:
So questions 7 for the T/F is TRUE...

I still haven't figured out the question with the marble. I am guessing that it's 0.1 J using:

0.01kg * 1m * 10ms^-2
=0.1J?

Is that correct?

yes, the kinetic energy after striking the floor will be equal to the potential energy of the rebound ... mgh = (.010 kg)(10 m/s^2)(1) = 0.1 J

## 1. What is the best way to prepare for a test using an old handout?

The best way to prepare for a test using an old handout is to review the material thoroughly and make sure you understand all the concepts. Use the handout as a guide and supplement it with additional resources if needed.

## 2. How can I ensure that the old handout is still relevant to the current test?

You can ensure the old handout is still relevant by comparing it to the current syllabus and any study materials provided by your teacher. You can also ask your teacher for clarification if needed.

## 3. Is it better to study from an old handout or from my notes?

It depends on your learning style and how well you took notes during class. If you have comprehensive and organized notes, studying from them may be more effective. However, if the handout provides more detailed information, it may be better to study from that.

## 4. How should I prioritize my time when studying with an old handout?

It's important to prioritize your time and focus on the most important and relevant information from the handout. Start by reviewing the main topics and then move on to more specific details. You can also create a study schedule to help manage your time effectively.

## 5. Can I rely solely on the old handout for my test preparation?

It's not recommended to rely solely on the old handout for test preparation. It's important to use a variety of resources, such as textbooks, notes, and other study materials, to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the material. The old handout can be used as a supplement to these resources.

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