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Capacitor charge in parallel RC circuit

  1. Feb 27, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    What is Q(∞), the charge on the capacitor after the switch has been closed for a very long time?
    a circuit, whose image is attached, has known values for the resistors : R1 = R2 = 72 Ω, R3 = 101 Ω and R4 = 79 Ω, is C = 56 μF, V = 24 V.

    2. Relevant equations

    kirchoff's laws

    3. The attempt at a solution
    here is what i've calculated from preceding questions:
    1) I1(0) just after the switch is closed?-------> 0.158940397 A
    2) I1(∞)------------------------------------> 0.074074074 A
    ive tried making the circuit at t=infinity, where the capacitor will have no current. so basically it wont interfere, but i cant see how the circuit changes?
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Feb 27, 2013
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 1, 2013 #2

    BruceW

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    I agree with the answers you got for the previous parts. I don't understand what you mean when you say that you don't know how the circuit changes... As you said, the current through the capacitor becomes zero at t=infinity. And I'm guessing you used this fact to get the answers to the previous questions. So it looks like you do know how the circuit changes as t=infinity.

    The problem you are trying to work out now is what is the charge on the capacitor at t=infinity. Well you have worked out the current through the resistors at t=infinity, so think of a way to work out the voltage across the capacitor at t=infinity. Nothing is special at t=infinity, it is just handy in this problem because the current at t=infinity is fairly easy to calculate, as you have done. So don't be afraid to use the usual rules for circuit behaviour even though t is tending to infinity.
     
  4. Mar 1, 2013 #3

    CWatters

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    At T->∞ the capacitor might as well not be in the circuit (because Ic=0). So take it out and work out the voltage just due to the resistors.

    Then apply the well known equation that relates the charge on a capacitor to it's voltage.
     
  5. Mar 1, 2013 #4
    yes BruceW, it just took a little doodling and experimenting, but i figured out the question. thanks for your input :D, and CWatters, thanks to you too
     
  6. Mar 1, 2013 #5

    BruceW

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    no problem :) glad to help.
     
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