Capacitors in a circuit as Plates.

In summary, four parallel metal plates with an area of 7.50 cm2 each are separated by a distance of 1.06 mm, with P1 connected to the negative terminal of a battery and P2 to the positive terminal. The battery maintains a potential difference of 12.0 V. The capacitance of the three-plate system, P1P2P3, when P3 is connected to the negative terminal is 125.295 pF, and the charge on P2 is 1503.54 pC. When P4 is connected to the positive terminal, the capacitance of the four plate system, P1P2P3P4, is 150
  • #1
zellwwf
34
0

Homework Statement


Four parallel metal plates P1, P2, P3, and P4, each of area 7.50 cm2, are separated successively by a distance d = 1.06 mm, as shown in the figure below. P1 is connected to the negative terminal of a battery, and P2 to the positive terminal. The battery maintains a potential difference of 12.0 V.

Important: http://www.webassign.net/pse/p26-55.gif

(a) If P3 is connected to the negative terminal, what is the capacitance of the three-plate system P1P2P3?

(b) What is the charge on P2?

(c) If P4 is now connected to the positive terminal of the battery, what is the capacitance of the four plate system P1P2P3P4?

(d) What is the charge on P4?

Homework Equations



C=A/D

The Attempt at a Solution



I tried drawing the circuit in a simple way, i had no idea, i tried it once using parallel (P1P2, P2P3) and failed, i tried it in series, also p1p2 and p2p3... it is wrong... i have no idea how the circuit looks like, i have no clue how to solve it, and it is due in less than 3 hours :P ... any tip would be appreciated
 
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  • #2
Hint: Any two plate surfaces that face each other constitutes a capacitor. This means that a metal plate between two others represents two capacitor plates, one for each of its surfaces (think of the surfaces themselves representing the plates, and the bulk of the metal in between them as just a conductor joining them). Thus one metal plate can in fact be part of two separate capacitors.

Can you share your attempt at a circuit drawing?
 
  • #3
I drew it where p1p2 are parallel to p3p2, and here are my full results (all wrong):
125.295 pF
1503.54 pC
 
  • #4
zellwwf said:
I drew it where p1p2 are parallel to p3p2, and here are my full results (all wrong):
125.295 pF
1503.54 pC

Well, P1P2 are in parallel to P2P3. So that's okay. But your result is out by an order of magnitude. Perhaps your unit conversions went astray?

What value you did you get for the basic capacitor consisting of two plates with the given separation?
 
  • #5
epsilon0 * A/D
around 6.2647555 E-10
 
  • #6
zellwwf said:
epsilon0 * A/D
around 6.2647555 E-10

Seems to be off by a factor of 100 (it's too large by that amount). You'll have to spell out the whole calculation, constant and all.
 
  • #7
Epsilon Node: 8.85...E-12
A = 0.075 M
D = 0.00106 M

it would be ironic if my mistakes are from cm -> m and mm-> :P ... because i used google to do that
 
  • #8
i know 10 cm = 1 m
1000 mm = 1 m
 
  • #9
sorry 100 Cm = 1 m...
 
  • #10
zellwwf said:
Epsilon Node: 8.85...E-12
A = 0.075 M
D = 0.00106 M

it would be ironic if my mistakes are from cm -> m and mm-> :P ... because i used google to do that

Your area is off. Probably because it's not a conversion of cm to m, but cm2 to m2.
 
  • #11
oh.. ok, fixed :P ... damn, stupid mistakes... THank you soo much
 

What is a capacitor?

A capacitor is a passive electronic component that stores and releases electrical energy in a circuit. It is made up of two conductive plates separated by an insulating material called a dielectric.

How do capacitors work in a circuit?

When a capacitor is connected to a circuit, it stores energy in the form of an electric field between its two plates. When the circuit is turned off, the capacitor releases this stored energy, providing a temporary surge of power to the circuit.

What are the different types of capacitors?

There are several types of capacitors, including ceramic, electrolytic, film, and paper capacitors. Each type has its own unique properties and is suitable for different applications.

What is the role of capacitors in a circuit?

Capacitors have several important roles in a circuit, including filtering out unwanted frequencies, storing energy, and regulating voltage. They can also be used to create a time delay in a circuit or to smooth out fluctuations in power.

What factors affect the capacitance of a capacitor?

The capacitance of a capacitor is determined by several factors, including the surface area of the plates, the distance between the plates, and the type of dielectric material used. The capacitance also increases as the voltage applied to the capacitor increases.

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