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Centripetal Acceleration of hard drive

  1. Feb 13, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A computer is reading data from a rotating CD-ROM. At a point that is 0.030 m from the center of the disc, the centripetal acceleration is 120 m/s2. What is the centripetal acceleration at a point that is 0.050 m from the center of the disc?

    2. Relevant equations

    ac = v2 / r

    3. The attempt at a solution

    v = √[(120 m/s2)(0.030 m)] = 1.897366596 m/s

    ac = (1.897366596 m/s)2 / (0.050 m) = 72 m/s2


    I feel this is correct because this question appears in the section of problems that deals only with the following two topics:
    - Uniform Circular Motion
    - Centripetal Acceleration

    I've seen this question asked before on this site and several others, and there is definitely inconsistency in how it is answered. Many people that respond consider angular velocity, which is NOT covered in these two sections of the textbook. If that was, indeed, part of the reasoning for the solution, then I would imagine the problem would have been moved to a different section by now (since this is the 7th edition of the textbook and has gone through plenty of revisions). Based on the following link, my answer is correct: http://www.physics.unomaha.edu/Sowell/Phys1110/quizzes/QuizzesSpr06/quiz7.html. This seems to be the only reliable source I have been able to find as it is from a university (not saying it's infallible) and not a forum (which often contains more false information than a site directly from a university... as I'm sure most of you would agree). This site suggests that we are to assume that linear velocity is constant when solving this problem. I agree with it.

    Could someone evaluate my work and check to see if I have done it correctly? Please do not include any information about angular velocity because that concept has not been discussed neither in lecture for my course or in the textbook.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 13, 2009 #2

    LowlyPion

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    Homework Helper

    You have the relationship that

    ac = ω²r

    This implies directly that with ω constant

    ac1 / ac2 = r1 / r2

    Or

    ac1 * r2 / r1 = ac2

    120*5/3 = 200

    Your solution is seemingly based on holding v constant which for a spinning disk is not the case, it's the ω that's constant.
     
  4. Feb 14, 2009 #3

    Delphi51

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    Homework Helper

    If you aren't into angular velocity yet, just consider the period. T will be the same for all radii, so it is a useful thing to work with. You can find T from your velocity at the first radius using v = 2(pi)r/T
    Once you have T, which applies everywhere, you can find v at the 2nd radius using the same formula. Put that in your centripetal force formula and you'll get the correct answer!
     
  5. Feb 14, 2009 #4
    Thank you very much. I solved for T in terms of the point that is 0.030 m from the center of the disc, then plugged that value in to find the centripetal acceleration at the point that is 0.050 m from the center of the disc.

    The numbers worked out very nicely and it came out to be 200 m/s2, as the first response suggested.

    I knew there had to be more to it, but I wasn't seeing it.
     
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