# Copper calorimeter final temperature

1. May 12, 2008

### Vuldoraq

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A copper calorimeter can with mass 0.100 kg contains 0.160 kg of water and 0.018 kg of ice in thermal equilibrium at atmospheric pressure.

If 0.750 kg of lead at a temperature of 255$$^{o}$$C is dropped into the calorimeter can, what is the final temperature? Assume that no heat is lost to the surroundings.

c(copper)=390 (J/k*kg)
c(water)=4190 (J/k*kg)
$$L_{f(water)}$$=334*10^3(J/Kg)

2. Relevant equations

Q=m$$L_{f(water)}$$

Q=mc$$\Delta$$T

0=$$Q_{1}$$+$$Q_{2}$$+$$Q_{3}$$

3. The attempt at a solution

I said that the heat lost by the lead is equal to the heat gained by the calorometer. So,

$$-mc(lead)\Delta T(lead)=mL_{f(water)}+mc(copper)\Delta T(cal)+mc(water)\Delta T(cal)$$

Than I noted that $$\Delta T(lead)\ and \Delta T(cal)$$ both share the same final temperature, say Tf. Letting $$\Delta T=Tf-Ti$$ and subbing in the Ti (initial temp) values and then rearranging to get Tf on it's own,

$$-mc(lead)*(Tf-255)=mL_{f(water}+mc(copper)*(Tf-0)+mc(water)*(Tf-0)$$

Therefore,

$$Tf=24790/877=28.3^{o}C$$

Which is apparently wrong. Can anyone please tell me why?

2. May 12, 2008

### Chi Meson

Your equation is correct. Try crunching the numbers again. I haven't got my calculator, but if the numbers given are correct you should get the correct answer.

Did you put the correct masses in the correct places? I noticed you wrote "mLf(water)" where I would have written "ice."

3. May 13, 2008

### Vuldoraq

I used the following numbers,

$$-97.5*T_{f}+24862.5J=72.45J+39T_{f}+745.82T_{f}$$

Where the 72.45J is the latent heat of fusion of the ice, which I now can see is wrong. It should be 6012J. I foolishly used the waters specific heat incorrectly.

Redoing the above gives,

$$-97.5*T_{f}+24862.5J=6012J+39T_{f}+745.82T_{f}$$

$$Therefore T_{f}=18850/882.32=21.4^{o}C$$

Thanks for pointing that out, does this look right to you?

4. May 13, 2008

### Vuldoraq

Hi everyone,

Please note i accidentally posted the same question twice. Sorry.

Vuldoraq

5. May 13, 2008

### Vuldoraq

Hi,

21 degrees C is the right answer. Thanks for all the help.

Vuldoraq