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Given tension and acceleration determine max weight

  1. Feb 11, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A fisherman in a boat is using a "10- test" fishing line. This means that the line can exert a force of 45 without breaking (1lb = 4.45N). If he accelerates the fish upward at 1.8m/s/s , what maximum weight fish can he land, in newtons?


    2. Relevant equations

    F=ma

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Failed Answers : 25, 6

    FBD demostrates a line from a fishes mouth. Gravity points down, Force of pull goes up, acceleration is upwards at 1.8m/s/s. I've tried setting the sum of all the forces in the y direction to 45N and then solving for m. That only gave me 25kg, dunno what I was thinking there. Then I tried using F=ma countless times to no avail.
     
    Last edited: Feb 11, 2012
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 11, 2012 #2

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    Good. Express that mathematically.
    45 N is the maximum force of pull (tension in the line), not the net force.
     
  4. Feb 11, 2012 #3
    Soo....(Force on line - Force of gravity) = mass(1.8m/s/s)

    where the we set the Force on the line to 45 newtons. The heaviest fish you can pull out of the water at that rate will still be acomplished at 45 Newtons of Tension. The question goes on about how many Newtons gravity will be playing at, the weight of the fish. So...

    Force of gravity = -[mass(1.8 m/s/s) - force on line]

    mg = -ma + 45

    mg = -m(1.8m/s/s) + 45

    My problem with this is that I have two unknowns (Force of Gravity and Mass) so this equation has me stuck....
     
    Last edited: Feb 11, 2012
  5. Feb 11, 2012 #4

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    They are related. Given a mass, what's the weight? Express everything in terms of mass.
     
  6. Feb 12, 2012 #5
    well weight is equal to mg. An objects mass in kg and the factor of gravity (9.8 N/kg).

    I'll assume my equation was sound and all your asking is to put in terms of mass. This should yeild me...

    mg = -m(1.8N/kg) + 45

    Idk what you mean friend. I got to thinking and figured that I can determine the objects mass when the line is fully loaded and not accelerating. That figure, 4.6kg would is only useful if the object is stationary or already at a constant velocity. Im lost here
     
  7. Feb 12, 2012 #6

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    Excellent. Now just solve for the mass.

    Just solve the equation above for the mass. (And then find the weight of the mass, since that's what the question asks for.) That equation will tell you the most mass of fish you can accelerate, since 45 N is the most force you can exert on the line without breaking it.
     
  8. Feb 12, 2012 #7
    so after some algebraic manipulation I can solve for m

    m = 45N
    ---------
    g + 1.8N/kg

    setting "g" to 9.8N/kg yeilds

    m = 3.88kg

    So the weight is 3.88kg x 9.8N/kg

    38 Newtons!
     
  9. Feb 12, 2012 #8
    Answer was correct. Sometimes all you need is a person to tell you your on the right track.

    Thanks Doc Al
     
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