Help with mass and molar concentrations

  • Thread starter ana111790
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  • #1
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Homework Statement


At 37 ° C and 1.0 atm of pressure, air is 21.2% O2, 0.15 % CO2 and 78.65 % N2. Determine the mass and molar concentrations of each of the gases in the air.


Homework Equations


Molecular weight of O2=.032kg/L
Molecular weight of N2=.028kg/L
Molecular weight of CO2 = .044kg/L
PV=nRT

The Attempt at a Solution


I don't know how to start because I am not given V, mass, or number of moles (so the ideal gas law isn't useful). I am also not sure if the percentages given are in terms of mass/volume/number of moles so I am very confused. How should I approach this problem?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Borek
Mentor
28,815
3,316
Assume V = 1L. Alternatively derive formula for concentration using V as a variable - in the end it will miraculously cancel out. These are not mass percentages (think what Avogadro's law tells you about volume/moles).
 

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