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Prove the Power Rule (calculus)

  • Thread starter mattxr250
  • Start date
8
0
Ok guys, I'm new here and I need some help with a math problem...

The problem asks me to prove the power rule ---> d/dx[x^n] = nx^(n-1) for the case in which n is a ratioinal number...

the one stipulation is that I have to prove it using this method: write y=x^(p/q) in the form y^q = x^p and differentiate implicitly...assume that p and q are integers, where q>0.

Thanks for any help

Matt
 

Answers and Replies

Fermat
Homework Helper
872
1
Are you allowed to assume that "d/dx[x^n] = nx^(n-1)" is true for n = an integer?

Have you differentiated "y^q = x^p" implicitly yet ?
 
8
0
yes I have and I came up with....


q(y^(q-1))(dy/dx) = p(x^(p-1))

but I'm stuck after I get here...i guess I could isolate dy/dx, but I'm not sure where to go from there...any help?
 
Hurkyl
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
14,843
17
Well, do you know what y is?
 
Fermat
Homework Helper
872
1
if y = x^(p/q)
then
y' = (p/q)x^(p/q - 1)

Use the expression you got for for the implicit differentiatoin and the expression y^q = x^p and manipulatre them to end up with the required result, shown above.
 

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