Tension in an Accelerated System

In summary, tension is a force that is exerted on an object when it is pulled or stretched. In an accelerated system, this force is caused by the acceleration of the object and is directly proportional to it. The main factors that affect tension in an accelerated system are the mass of the object, the acceleration, and the angle at which the force is applied. Tension can be calculated using the equation T = ma or T = mgsinθ, depending on the known variables. Real-life examples of tension in an accelerated system include swinging on a rope, a car being pulled by a tow truck, and lifting weights with a pulley system.
  • #1
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Homework Statement



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The Attempt at a Solution



"Any objects attached to the rope will have the same magnitude of acceleration as the rope." So since no mass is given, I assumed all the masses are the same. So wouldn't A be the answer?
 
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  • #2
The tension FT3 only has to accelerate the third mass upwards. FT2 has to accelerate both the second and third mass. FT1 has to... you get the picture. So the tensions are not equal.
 

What is tension in an accelerated system?

Tension is a force that is exerted on an object when it is pulled or stretched. In an accelerated system, this force is caused by the acceleration of the object and the resulting change in its velocity.

How is tension related to acceleration?

Tension is directly proportional to acceleration. This means that as the acceleration of an object increases, the tension also increases. This relationship is described by Newton's second law of motion, which states that force is equal to mass multiplied by acceleration.

What factors affect tension in an accelerated system?

The main factors that affect tension in an accelerated system are the mass of the object, the acceleration of the object, and the angle at which the force is applied. Additionally, the presence of other forces, such as friction, can also affect tension.

How can tension be calculated in an accelerated system?

To calculate tension in an accelerated system, you can use the equation T = ma, where T is the tension, m is the mass of the object, and a is the acceleration. If the angle of the force is known, the equation becomes T = mgsinθ, where g is the acceleration due to gravity and θ is the angle of the force.

What are some real-life examples of tension in an accelerated system?

Some real-life examples of tension in an accelerated system include a person swinging on a rope, a car being pulled by a tow truck, and a weight being lifted with a pulley system. In all of these cases, tension is present due to the acceleration of the objects involved.

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