Uniform charge density and electric potential

  • #1

Homework Statement


A charge Q is uniformly distributed along the x axis from x = a to x = b. If Q = 45 nC,
a = –3.0 m, and b = 2.0 m, what is the electric potential (relative to zero at infinity) at the point, x = 8.0 m, on the x axis?

a . 71 V

b. 60 V

c. 49 V <-- correct answer

d. 82 V

e. 150 V

Homework Equations


lambda = q/x
electric potential = kq/ r


The Attempt at a Solution


lambda = (45 x 10^=9)/5 = 9 x 10^-9
integrate(kdq/6+x) from -3 to 2
dq = lambda * dx
k*lamda*integral (1/6+x) from -3 to 2 <-- not correct [/B]
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
PeroK
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Homework Statement


A charge Q is uniformly distributed along the x axis from x = a to x = b. If Q = 45 nC,
a = –3.0 m, and b = 2.0 m, what is the electric potential (relative to zero at infinity) at the point, x = 8.0 m, on the x axis?

a . 71 V

b. 60 V

c. 49 V <-- correct answer

d. 82 V

e. 150 V

Homework Equations


lambda = q/x
electric potential = kq/ r


The Attempt at a Solution


lambda = (45 x 10^=9)/5 = 9 x 10^-9
integrate(kdq/6+x) from -3 to 2
dq = lambda * dx
k*lamda*integral (1/6+x) from -3 to 2 <-- not correct [/B]
You need to think about the limits of your integral. Thnik about ##r## = the distance from the point you are interested in (##x = 8m##) and the points where the charge is.
 
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  • #3
DrClaude
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k*lamda*integral (1/6+x) from -3 to 2 <-- not correct
I don't get the integral you are doing. If I read it correctly, you mean
$$
\int_{-3}^{2} \frac{1}{6+x} dx
$$
which is incorrect. What should ##1/r## be?
 
  • #4
Sorry made a stupid mistake should be from integral 6 to 11 (1/x) only
 
  • #5
Thanks
Sorry made a stupid mistake should be from integral 6 to 11 (1/x) only
I don't get the integral you are doing. If I read it correctly, you mean
$$
\int_{-3}^{2} \frac{1}{6+x} dx
$$
which is incorrect. What should ##1/r## be?
 

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