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Waves in air in a tube that is closed

  1. Feb 20, 2013 #1
    1. The air in a closed pipe with an adjustable plunger in is made to vibrate at a frequency 256 Hz over its open end. As the length of the pipe is increased, loud notes are heard as the standing wave in the pipe resonates with the tuning fork.

    (a) What is the shortest length that will cause a loud note?
    (b) If the pipe is 1.5 m long, how many loud notes will you hear as the plunger is withdrawn?

    2. Relevant formulae are

    For closed pipe, first harmonic λ = 4L , f¹ = v/4L f³ = 3v/4L = 3 * f¹

    3. Answers
    (a) Rearranging the formula to get:
    L = v/4f¹
    L = 330/4*256
    L = 330/1024
    L = 0.32m or 32.2cm

    (b) i thinking that i need to look for the 3rd and 5th harmonics to see how the length I'd affected but i calculate this to be smaller and therefore not really affected by a longer tube! Help?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 20, 2013 #2

    TSny

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    Hello the-pal. Welcome to PF!

    Can you show your work for the "3rd and 5th harmonics". You should be getting longer lengths. Note that the frequency of the tuning fork is fixed, so the frequency at each resonance will be the same. What does that mean for the wavelength of the sound for each resonance? For these types of problems, it can be very helpful to draw a picture which shows the resonant standing waves inside the columns of different length. By noting the number of nodes and antinodes, you can easily figure out the length of the resonating column of air.
     
  4. Feb 20, 2013 #3
    Thanks,

    So is it that as I've drawn that only one more full wave will fit in the tube therefore the answer is 2? The third wave would overlap the end and they're not produce the standing wave? Right?

    So actually it is not about the other harmonics?
     
  5. Feb 20, 2013 #4

    TSny

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    Remember that you must have an antinode at the open end and a node at the water surface. So, if you think about it, how far should the water be lowered to go from one resonance to the next?
     
  6. Feb 20, 2013 #5
    Yes. I know that is what my diagram shows but I didn't seem to upload from the physics forum app?

    The wave will look like this ><> right?
     
  7. Feb 20, 2013 #6

    TSny

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    Right:

    >

    ><>

    ><><>

    Cool :cool:
     
  8. Feb 20, 2013 #7
    So my answer of 2 is right as ><><> would be 1.61 so will not fit in the 1.5m pipe.

    Boom.

    Thanks
     
  9. Feb 20, 2013 #8

    TSny

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    Looks good!
     
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