# Which valence state do I use?

1. Sep 28, 2008

### greg153

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
I have to write a net ionic equation for Cr and silver nitrate, but I am confused on which valence state to use, since Cr has multiple valence states ie +2, +3 and + 6.

2. The attempt at a solution
If I use the valence state of +2 I end up with:
Cr(s) + 2 Ag+(aq) = 2 Ag (s) + Cr2+(aq)

But if I use +3 I end up with:
Cr(s) + 3Ag+(aq) -> 3Ag(s) + Cr3+(aq)

So which one do I use? and is there a rule to follow?

Thanks.

2. Sep 28, 2008

### Staff: Mentor

In general you should compare potentials of half reactions. In this case go for Cr3+.

3. Sep 28, 2008

### greg153

Thanks borek. :)

Another quick question. Neither of these reactions would occur correct?

1.Au + HCl
No reaction since Au is below H2 in the activity series.

2.Ni + Ca(C2H3O2)2 (Ca acetate)
No reaction since Ni is below Ca in the activity series.

4. Sep 28, 2008

### Staff: Mentor

2xOK

5. Sep 28, 2008

### greg153

Thanks.

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