Why work done on a system causes heat to flow out of it?

  • #1
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I don't understand how compression of a gas causes heat to flow out of the container of that gas... Could someone please help? Thank you in advance!
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
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Compression heats the gas. If it started at the temperature of the environment, it gets hotter than its environment. What do you expect to happen next?

This has nothing to do with nuclear and particle physics, I moved the thread to classical physics.
 
  • #3
nasu
Gold Member
3,776
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The compression does not have this effect, in general.
You should be more specific in your questions.
Adiabatic compression, for example, happens without any heat exchange between the gas and the environment. The gas just heats up.

You may have in mind isothermal compression.
In this case, in order to ensure the constant temperature condition, the gas needs to be in contact with an external reservoir which will absorb whatever heat is necessary to keep the temperature constant.
If the gas does not give up heat to exterior then it cannot be iso-thermal. It will be adiabatic.
So the heat exchange situation depends on the external conditions, not on the compression itself. .
 

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