What is Stellar: Definition and 168 Discussions

A stellar collision is the coming together of two stars caused by stellar dynamics within a star cluster, or by the orbital decay of a binary star due to stellar mass loss or gravitational radiation, or by other mechanisms not yet well understood.
Astronomers predict that events of this type occur in the globular clusters of our galaxy about once every 10,000 years. On 2 September 2008 scientists first observed a stellar merger in Scorpius (named V1309 Scorpii), though it was not known to be the result of a stellar merger at the time.Any stars in the universe can collide, whether they are 'alive', meaning fusion is still active in the star, or 'dead', with fusion no longer taking place. White dwarf stars, neutron stars, black holes, main sequence stars, giant stars, and supergiants are very different in type, mass, temperature, and radius, and so react differently.A gravitational wave event that occurred on 25 August 2017, GW170817, was reported on 16 October 2017 to be associated with the merger of two neutron stars in a distant galaxy, the first such merger to be observed via gravitational radiation.

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  1. RyanJ

    Astrophysics Book Around the Subjects of Supernovae and Stellar Remenants

    Hi all! It has been quite a while since I last posted here. Again. I'm currently interested in supernovae and the exotic stellar remnants that are left behind from such events. I'm interested in the physics and science surrounding this subject, it's something that I currently have an interest...
  2. R

    I Understanding diagrams of the late stages of stellar evolution

    Hi, I have an upcoming exam in astrophysics. We have been told to make sure we study all figures and tables, s.t. we are able to explain them. However, I ran into these figures below, in my lecturer's PowerPoint and I do not know where they originate and aren't presented in my book. I'm having...
  3. AotrsCommander

    Too Much Stellar Flux: Fixing a 25-year old Problem

    Short version: problems fixing 25-year old world-building; due to canonised data points, I have a planet that is way too hot to work, compounded by interpretation problems by teenage-me on stellar data - help would be appreciated! Sometime in around the mid 1990s, I got SpaceMaster the RPG (and...
  4. sbrothy

    Stellar LASER from hell....

    This is pretty out there so bear with me. Imagine a brunch of aliens having gravity under fine-grained control. So much so, in fact, that they'd bend space around a star so all the light would be forced around to exit from a circular aperture.No Loss. Furthermore they could bend space in front...
  5. vibha_ganji

    B Definition of Stellar Parallax from Alonso and Finn Volume 1

    Hi! I read this definition of Stellar Parallax "It is expressed quantitatively by one-half the angle subtended by the Earth's diameter E1E2 perpendicular to the line joining the star and the sun (see Fig. 2-10)." (Source Alonso and Finn: Volume 1). But, I was unable to understand how they...
  6. Prez Cannady

    A Question about extragalactic stellar motion

    We have direct mass models of stellar motion inside of galaxies (basically, find a happy medium between a sphere and a disc). And of course dark matter corrections to explain the deviation between model and observation. Is there any pattern at all to the motion of extragalactic stars passing...
  7. Clint0

    Potential energy increase of an expanding stellar object

    How much energy is required to double the radius of a uniformly dense stellar object? Express the answer in terms of mass and the radius of the object.
  8. A

    I What is a "temperature distribution" in a stellar photosphere?

    What is a "temperature distribution" in the context of a stellar photosphere and How is the temperature distribution related to the effective temperature?
  9. A

    I How do Limb-Darkening curves differ at two different wavelengths?

    Does the limb-darkening curve fall off faster at shorter wavelengths or at longer wavelengths?
  10. S

    I The stellar system genesis & supernova cycle

    AIUI, the early universe, after the Great Recombination, was a fairly, but not absolute, isotropic cloud of mostly H, with some He. Eventually regions of the cloud coalesced into stars, and if the mass was big enough, the temperature & pressure in the star core was sufficient enough for H in...
  11. T

    B Where do the electrons go? (in stellar nuclear fusion)

    I have to give a presentation about natural Radiation and I am very happy about it because it includes Astrophysics. I want to explain to my audience how the stars produce cosmic rays. I thought about explaining to them how nuclear fusion and that kind of stuff works but then I realized that I...
  12. T

    B Question about the s-process and r-process in stellar evolution

    Hello I have been reading about the s-process and r-process in star evolution. And one thing i briefly saw mentioned was that both processes generally create higher abundances of elements with even number of protons than odd. It however did not explain why there is a slight bias towards even...
  13. A

    Help on how to find stellar radius with an eclipsing binary system

    My best guess right now is use Newton's version of Kepler's 3rd Law to maybe find a combined mass, as I'm under the impression that the smaller star's mass would still be too large to ignore, but I'm not confident. And I wouldn't be sure as where t go from their, either. Any guidance would be...
  14. patrykh18

    Numerically simulating stellar pulsation using a "one zone" model

    The question is taken from An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics by Carroll and Ostlie. I did manage to do the entire question and plot the relevant graphs but I just want to to investigate a bit more. For example I want to look at how the graph would like in the case of the Sun. I don't know...
  15. Haynes Kwon

    I Determining Degenerate Gas in Stellar Structure

    When modeling stellar structure and formulating equation of states, I've seen various cases where you have to take into account whether the constituent gas of a star is degenerate or not. But how do you determine if the gas is degenerate or not?
  16. Haynes Kwon

    I Absorption lines and emission lines in stellar spectra

    Why do we see more absorption lines in stellar spectra than emission lines?
  17. CPW

    I Question about stellar nucleosynthesis from a non-expert

    Given that the universe is 13.8 billion years old and our solar system is 4.6 billion years old, less than 10 billion years of star birth, life, and death is necessary to produce the heaviest occurring natural elements. Given what we know about supernova, what is the minimum number of supernova...
  18. Ralph Rotten

    B Defining Planets: The Case of Pluto and Other Small Bodies

    So here is a serious question: If Pluto isn't big enough to be a planet, then wouldn't it be a moon to Sol. I mean, a planet can have a moon. A moon can have a moon. So can a sun have a moon? Is there actually a rule? Inquiring minds want to know.
  19. C

    About initial mass function and mean mass in stellar cluster

    Homework Statement Assuming a Salpeter IMF with upper and lower mass limits of 0.1 and 20 M⊙ respectively, calculate: (i) the mass point at which half the mass formed in a stellar cluster lies in more massive systems and half in less massive systems. ii) the mass point at which half the...
  20. OmCheeto

    Stargazing Stellar Eclipse on Feb 18/19, 2019

    Sirius, the brightest star in the sky, might be eclipsed by an asteroid in a few days: https://www.skyandtelescope.com/observing/will-sirius-disappear/ Can a 7-kilometer-wide asteroid make Sirius disappear? You bet it can. That just might happen on Monday night, February 18th. That evening...
  21. Joshua Guyette

    I Supermassive black hole eating a stellar black hole

    I'm trying to visualize what a fast spinning supermassive black hole slowly eating a stellar black hole should "look" like; how would the mass flow between the two? Could enough mass be removed from the stellar black hole, that it loses it's event horizon before entering the supermassive black...
  22. F

    I Compute the total stellar mass from a galaxy with Red Giants

    Hello, Suppose that all stars in this galaxy were born in a single major-merger burst event about 10 Gyr ago If the luminosity in the B band (absolute magnitude in B-band is equal to -21.22) is dominated by stars of in the RG branch, with masses ##m \sim 1\,\text{L}_{\odot}## (within ##\sim...
  23. F

    From the original burst, fraction of stellar mass still on the Main Sequence

    <Moderator's note: Moved from a technical forum and thus no template.> Suppose that all stars in this galaxy were born in a single major-merger burst event about 10 Gyr ago. From this original burst, I want to compute the fraction of stellar mass still surviving as stars in the main sequence ...
  24. F

    I Rotation profile for radiative zone of Sun - convection

    I am exercising on Stellar Physics topics and in particular the questions below: 1) First of all on the rotation profile for the radiative zone: I know that unlike the convective zone, where the rotation varies mainly in latitude (faster at the equator than at the poles), the radiative zone...
  25. bbbl67

    I Nitrogen production in stellar nucleosynthesis?

    So once a star enters the helium fusion stage, it uses the Triple-alpha process to create Carbon from Helium. It then uses the Alpha Ladder process to create Oxygen from Carbon. So my question is, how is Nitrogen, in between Carbon and Oxygen, produced? All I can think of is that either Oxygen...
  26. F

    I Variations in the speed of sound in a star

    I try to understand the following graphics with x-axis being the radius of a typical star : I would like to knwo if ##\delta c/c## (y-axis) represents the relative error between theoretical and experimental values or if it represents the fluctuations of speed of sound inside. If these are...
  27. Gene Naden

    I How stellar aberration was quantified in the early days

    I am working through "Spacetime Physics" and encountered exercise 3-9, which concerns aberration of starlight. They ask the following question: "Since the background of stars also shifts due to aberration, how can the effect be measured at all?" I got part of the answer. You measure the angle...
  28. bbbl67

    I Relationship between stellar mass and core mass?

    Is there an astrophysical relationship between the how large a star's core gets and how large the star itself gets? Is it a simple linear percentage, or something more complex? For example, red dwarfs can fuse their entire hydrogen allocation, so the whole star is the core. But the Sun has a...
  29. mjda

    I Stellar Thermal Energy with no Nuclear source

    Can anyone enlighten me as to why the total thermal energy of a star will increase with time if the star has no nuclear energy source?
  30. A

    Binary Stellar System: 15M⊙ & 10M⊙ Revisited

    Homework Statement A binary stellar system is made of one star with ##M_1=15{M}_\odot## and a second star with ##M_2=10{M}_\odot## revolving around circular orbits at a relative distance of ##d=0.001pc##. At some point ##M_1## explodes in a supernovae leaving a neutron star of mass...
  31. P

    I Determining The Inclination Angle of A Stellar Binary System

    I am a Physics undergraduate at the University of Texas at Arlington. I am currently taking an Astrophysics class in which my professor talked about the inclination angle of the orbital plane of the binary star system and how it is impossible to determine that angle. I was wondering why is it...
  32. Bizmuth

    Is there a stellar type that would make Firefly possible?

    The Firefly universe (as I understand it) is a large number of planets orbiting a very large star with a wide habitable zone. Of course, to make that work, the star would also have to be reasonably stable and not emit lethal levels of radiation. Is there a stellar class that could, even in...
  33. K

    Solve Stellar Ionisation Homework: Type O Stars

    Homework Statement Hi, I am studying for a test on Monday and I was wondering if someone could clarify something in my notes on the ionisation rate of Type O stars. The line in my notes says; L = 105L0 ⇒ S* ~ 105 /13.6eV ⇒ S* ~ 1049 Basically, I don't have an actual formula for S* and I was...
  34. bruha

    I Stellar reddening via Av calculation

    Hello, please do somebody have some experiences with calculating of stellar reddening via interstellar extinction? I made some calculation based on apparent and absolute magnitudes and distances of brigthtness star but maximum Av which I got for Betelgeuse was 1.12 mag ( for its maximum apparent...
  35. C

    B Fast Radio Burst Pinned Down to Giant Stellar Nursery

    This appears to be a New Scientist scoop: Fast Radio Burst Pinned Down to Giant Stellar Nursery by Ken Croswell A young neutron star is probably the source of a repeating signal previously tracked to a dwarf galaxy 2.4 billion light-years away. Link: New Scientist
  36. Physics Dad

    Stellar Radius & Effective Temperature

    I have a question for my Astro homework and I am a little unsure as to whether I am going in the right direction Question Using an expression that relates luminosity, size and temperature of a star, and assuming all Main Sequence stars have the same mean density, determine the relationship...
  37. J

    Stellar aberration with non perpendicular starlight

    Homework Statement So the problem is the following : we observe the stellar aberration of a star which isn't on the zenith, so that the star forms an angle theta with the ecliptic plane of the Earth. With such a position, the star will describe an ellipse instead of a circle (typical movement...
  38. jamalkoiyess

    Stellar Evolution: In-Depth Books for Learners

    hello PF, I want to know more about stellar evolution and about the end of the star's life. I want something that is not very superficial as i get bored when the content is not really deep. Thanks.
  39. S

    Stellar Nucleosynthesis - From Inanimate to Alive

    If the suggestion that all matter, or the vast majority of matter, that makes up the Earth and everything on it, including humans, was originally forged within dying stars and their resulting supernovae, meaning that we are literally constructed from stardust, would the following statement be...
  40. Amrator

    I Energy Released in Stellar Nucleosynthesis

    This is taken from page 226 in Essential Astrophysics by Lang: "The mass defect, ##ΔM##, for a nucleus containing ##A## nucleons, ##Z## protons, and ##A-Z## neutrons is $$ΔM = Z m_p + (A - Z) m_n - m_{nuc}$$ where ##A## is the mass number of the nucleus, ##Z## is the atomic number, ##m_p## is...
  41. astrotizio

    A Stellar photosphere temperatures

    Hi all, Star surface temperature determines the occurrence of photosphere, where radiation can escape from star interior due to diminishing gas ionization and radiation absorption. If it was true the star photospheres should have the same temperature and Herzsprung-Russell diagram should be...
  42. wolram

    B Detecting Unusual Stellar Shapes: Looking for Perturbed Planets

    How can we be sure that when looking for planets there sun is not a perfect sphere and just looks like it is being perturbed by a gravitating body?
  43. newjerseyrunner

    Accuracy of a stellar collision event

    I'm in the process of writing a story and the first few thousand words take place near the head-on collision between a ten mile wide black hole and a really big star. I describe the star as big enough to swallow the sun and barely burp. I'd like the events to be as close to accurate as...
  44. H

    I Evidence to support the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis?

    I am aware of the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis, but what evidence do we have to support this theory? Sources are very much appreciated. Thanks!
  45. NatFex

    B Usefulness of Stellar Parallax?

    This isn't a very technical series of questions, just some passing thoughts I had whilst looking over some notes I had on stellar parallax distancing. Stellar parallax is always described as a means of "measuring the distance to stars." But from where? What I mean is, the distance, or the side...
  46. B

    Degeneracy pressure and stellar collapse

    I have a question. In a massive star (more than say 5 times the mass of the sun), the electron/neutron degeneracy pressure is unable to prevent the gravitational collapse. Does this imply that the Pauli's exclusion principle breaks down and two or more electrons/neutrons collapse to the same...
  47. Buckethead

    Stargazing Stellar abberation (water in telescope)

    I've been reading about stellar aberration and was particularly drawn to the experiment where two telescopes are tracking a star but one is filled with water to slow the speed of light down. The results of the experiment show both telescopes to be tilted to exactly the same angle which...
  48. A

    Loss of stellar information in a black hole

    I have just seen a brief clip of an article by a journalist regarding a lecture given by Hawking this week about the mystery of where information of a star goes to when it is swallowed by a black hole. As a non physicist, I am grappling with what exactly is meant by this. Isn't this just a...
  49. Teichii492

    Stars in the early universe and stellar processes

    Hey PF, Since there are stars that can be powered predominantly (>50%) by the CNO cycle, which requires carbon as a catalyst, and i understand the core temperatures of these stars is about 106 K. Does this mean that stars where the triple-alpha process is dominant (108 K) had to exist and die...
  50. A

    R136a defies Laws of Stellar Evolution

    At 265 SM, and age 1.7 Million years, at 163,000 Light Years Away in the R136 cluster, is R136a. But, it shouldn't be alive now. It should have exploded given the model of Solar Mass Evolution at 200,000-375,000 Years old of age. It's in it's Wolf-Rayet phrase, but it still shouldn't be alive...