# Answer: Find Moments & Reactions for Force Couple on Frame

• gomerpyle
In summary, the homework statement says that a force couple acts on a frame that is fixed at the base. The moments and reactions at the fixed locations are found. If the horizontal member of the frame were cut in half, the internal shear force would be 1430 in-lbs.
gomerpyle

## Homework Statement

A force couple acts on the frame, which is fixed at the base. Find the moment(s) and reaction(s) at the fixed locations.

ΣMa = 0
ΣMb = 0
ΣFy = 0
ΣFx = 0

## The Attempt at a Solution

Since it would be statically indeterminate, assumptions would be that the reactions are equivalent to the acting forces (1430 lbs), and points of inflection exist halfway along the 25.5" length of the legs? This results in a theoretical "pinned" connection at the center thus the FBD for one leg cut in half:

ΣMa = -(12.75)*1430 + Ma = 0
Ma = 18232 in-lbs

Obviously both moments have to be equal, so Mb = 18232 in-lbs.

Am I on the right track? Wouldn't there be a Torsional reaction as well? I'm just a little lost because all the examples of frames I can find don't have forces acting perpendicular to the plane of the members (acting "into the page").

#### Attachments

• Frame.jpg
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Your ΣMa ignores the 1430 lbf in the other direction (at the corner above B)

What if the horizontal member were cut in half ?

So if it were cut in half what would be the internal shear force acting on it? My guess would be 1430, but then if you did a force balance it wouldn't make sense because you already have the reaction at the base as 1430, and then the applied 1430 in the opposite direction. That would mean the force in the horizontal member would have to be zero?

The assumption that a point of zero moment occurs half-way up the columns is unconvincing, because the conditions at the top and the bottom of the columns are not the same; at the bottom it is encastre and no rotation is assumed to occur, but at the top of the columns, the fixity is provided by a connection to a flexible member (the beam) where rotations about the x,y and z axes are possible. the assumption that a point of zero bending moment occurs half-way along the beam is more credible. However that would be accompanied by a torsional moment there (constant along the beam length). I am thinking qualitatively here, and am aware that careful calculations done properly can reveal errors in thinking at the same time as teaching us something.

## 1. What is a force couple on a frame?

A force couple on a frame refers to a pair of equal and opposite forces that are applied at different points on a frame. These forces create a moment, or turning effect, on the frame. The magnitude of the moment is equal to the product of one of the forces and its distance from the other force.

## 2. How do you find the moments for a force couple on a frame?

To find the moments for a force couple on a frame, you first need to determine the magnitude and direction of each force in the couple. Then, you can calculate the moment by taking the product of one of the forces and its distance from the other force. This will give you the magnitude of the moment. The direction of the moment can be determined using the right-hand rule.

## 3. Why is it important to find the moments for a force couple on a frame?

It is important to find the moments for a force couple on a frame because they can have a significant effect on the stability and structural integrity of the frame. If the moments are not properly accounted for in the design and construction of the frame, it may be more susceptible to buckling or collapsing under the applied forces.

## 4. What is the difference between a force couple and a moment?

A force couple refers to a pair of equal and opposite forces that are applied at different points on a frame, while a moment refers to the turning effect produced by the force couple. In other words, a force couple is a pair of forces, while a moment is the result of those forces acting on the frame.

## 5. How can you use the moments for a force couple on a frame in practical applications?

The moments for a force couple on a frame can be used in practical applications to determine the structural stability and strength of a frame. Engineers and designers often use these calculations to ensure that a frame can withstand the expected forces and loads without buckling or collapsing. Additionally, moments can also be used to determine the optimal placement of forces on a frame for maximum stability and efficiency.

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