Hello, Im currently working through Faraday's Law and im confused when my two textbooks dont explain how they set the polarity of [tex]V_{emf}[/tex], particularly when they say "the sign convention for [tex]V_{emf}[/tex] is arbitrary in that it depends on the assumed direction for dS". How is the polarity related to dS?(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

The formula im using is [tex]v_{emf} = - \int_c \vec{B}\cdot d\vec{S} = \oint_c \vec{E}\cdot d\vec{L}[/tex]

Here's a diagram that you can try explaining it from.

Thanks!

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# Confused about Polarity of Induced EMF (Lenz Law)

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