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Homework Help: Eigen state

  1. Jun 20, 2005 #1
    Consider particle of mass m in a cubic box of length L which has energy spectrum given by E=(k sqr)/2m =2 (pi sqr) (nx sqr+ ny sqr +nz sqr)/m (L sqr).what will be the density of states (eigen states per unit energy interval)

    k is boltzman const..nx,ny,nz are unit vectors in resp. directions....
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 20, 2005 #2


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    Aren't the n values the eigenstates with n_j = 1,2,3....?

    This looks to be a counting problem to find the number of combinations of the three n values leading to the same sum of squares. Clearly, for the lowest energy there is only one. After that, what are the possibilities, and what happens to the difference between energy levels as the n values increase?
  4. Jun 20, 2005 #3
    oops! a big printing mistake...thats eigen vector...nx,ny,nz

    now can u solve this at least the explanation...
  5. Jun 20, 2005 #4


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    [tex] E_{n_x,n_y,n_z} = \left[\frac{2\ \pi^2}{mL^2}\right] \left[n_x^2+n_y^2+n_z^2\right] [/tex]

    [tex] E_{1,1,1} = \left[\frac{2\ \pi^2}{mL^2}\right] \left[3\right] [/tex]

    [tex] E_{2,1,1} = E_{1,2,1} = E_{1,1,2} = \left[\frac{2\ \pi^2}{mL^2}\right] \left[6\right] [/tex]

    [tex] E_{2,2,1} = E_{2,1,2} = E_{1,2,2} = \left[\frac{2\ \pi^2}{mL^2}\right] \left[9\right] [/tex]

    [tex] E_{3,1,1} = E_{1,3,1} = E_{1,1,3} = \left[\frac{2\ \pi^2}{mL^2}\right] \left[11\right] [/tex]

    [tex] E_{2,2,2} = \left[\frac{2\ \pi^2}{mL^2}\right] \left[12\right] [/tex]

    [tex] E_{1,2,3} = E_{1,3,2} = E_{2,1,3} = E_{2,3,1} = E_{3,1,2} = E_{3,2,1} = \left[\frac{2\ \pi^2}{mL^2}\right] \left[14\right] [/tex]

    etc, etc.

    I believe you are supposed to be figuring out all possible energies and how many degenerate states there are for each energy, and then divide the number of states by some energy interval to find the density. Unless I have missed some, the density is a bit erratic for these low numbered states. For larger n, perhaps you can come up with a general expression for how many states there are between some energy E and and a slightly higher level to come up with a number of states per unit energy interval. The sum of squares is suggestive that thinking in terms of the number of states contained within a spherical energy surface might prove helpful.
    Last edited: Jun 21, 2005
  6. Jun 21, 2005 #5
    thanks for trying it out ...

    i will try to solve it...

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