# Electric field at a point (point charge and semi-circle rod)

1. Jan 17, 2017

### AnonBae

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
A thin semicircular rod has a total charge +Q uniformly distributed along it. A negative point charge -Q is placed as shown. (Point C is equidistant from -Q and from all points on the rod.)
*Image Attached*
Let Ep and Er represent the electric fields at point C due to the point charge and the rod respectively.

a) Is the magnitude of Ep greater than, less than, or equal to the magnitude of Er? Explain.

b) Is the magnitude of the net electric field at point C greater than, lessthan, or equal to the magnitude of Ep? Explain.

2. Relevant equations
ΣE = Fe / q

3. The attempt at a solution
a. I am guessing the magnitude of Ep is greater than the magnitude of Er since we can treat a segment charge on the rod as a point charge, and thus the by the equation, the electric field is dependent on the charge. The fractional charge on the rod will produce a greater electrical force than the point charge does.
b. The magnitude of the net electric field is equal to the magnitude at Ep since the point C lies on the electric field line between point C and the fractional charge on the rod.

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• ###### Charge and rod.PNG
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2. Jan 17, 2017

### haruspex

In what sense, placed where, and of what magnitude?
Why fractional?

For b, I don't think you are reading the question correctly.

3. Jan 17, 2017

### AnonBae

a. I do know that a fractional charge of +Q contributes to the electric field at point C since no other electric field lines cross through point C besides the one horizontal to point C. I am confused as to whether that fractional charge offsets its weak electric force by the formula for the electric field or it does not.

b. So, the net electric field is contributed by all charges on the rod (total of +Q) and the sum of the electric field from all those charges will equal the electric field Ep since they both converge at the same point?

4. Jan 17, 2017

### haruspex

I still don't know what you mean by a fractional charge here. Do you mean a continuously distributed charge? Or one infinitesimal element of the distributed charge? Or just some fraction less than 1 of Q?
Except for the extreme ends, all parts of the rod generate a field which has a horizontal component at C.
Write an integral for the total field the rod produces at C.